AVERAGE WAIT

Wait times are an average and provided for informational purposes only. What does this mean?

August 2011 Briefing - Family Practice

August 2011 Briefing - Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for August 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Electronic Records Tied to Better Diabetes Care, Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Medical practices using electronic health records (EHRs) achieve significantly higher composite standards for diabetes care and outcomes than those using paper records, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa1102519 )

Japan's Universal Health System Evaluated

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The disproportionate aging population in Japan and societal influences may negatively impact the country's universal health care system, according to six articles published in a Japan series online Aug. 30 in The Lancet.

Abstract 1 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61098-2/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61098-2/fulltext )Abstract 2 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60828-3/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60828-3/fulltext )Abstract 3 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60987-2/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60987-2/fulltext )Abstract 4 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61048-9/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61048-9/fulltext )Abstract 5 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61176-8/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61176-8/fulltext )Abstract 6 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61055-6/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61055-6/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61223-3/fulltext )

Pediatric Window-Fall-Related Head Injuries Analyzed

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Children younger than 4 years of age or those landing on hard surfaces are more likely to sustain head injuries, be hospitalized, or die in window-related falls than older children or those who fall on cushioning surfaces, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-2687.abstract )Full Text (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-2687.full.pdf+html )

Undernutrition in Early Life Ups CHD Risk in Adult Women

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to undernutrition during postnatal developmental periods of childhood, adolescence, or young adulthood is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in adult women, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in the European Heart Journal.

Abstract (http://eurheartj.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/24/eurheartj.ehr228.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://eurheartj.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/24/eurheartj.ehr228.full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://eurheartj.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/24/eurheartj.ehr270.extract )

AAP Updates Infant/Young Child Febrile UTI Guidelines

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a technical report, "Diagnosis and Management of an Initial UTI in Febrile Infants and Young Children," detailing changes that include updated recommendations for imaging. The report was published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

Report (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/24/peds.2011-1332.full.pdf+html )

Medical Liability Training Important for Peds Residents

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Residents and fellows should be educated by their training institutions on matters relating to professional liability coverage throughout their careers, according to a policy statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

Report (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/24/peds.2011-1025.full.pdf+html )

Cost-Effective Perinatal HBV Transmission Prevention ID'ed

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- In hepatitis B surface-antigen-positive pregnant women, administration of lamivudine or hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) in the third trimester is a cost-effective method for prevention of perinatal transmission of hepatitis B, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2011/09000/Cost_Effectiveness_of_Maternal_Treatment_to.23.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2fgreenjournal%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00006250-201109000-00023 )

Rate of Maternal Weight Gain Impacts Size of Neonate

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Greater than recommended rates of weight gain during the second and third trimesters increase the odds of large-for-gestational-age babies regardless of prepregnancy maternal body mass index (BMI), and gaining at a lower than recommended rate increases the odds of small-for-gestational age babies for all except the most obese women, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2011/09000/Effect_of_Second_Trimester_and_Third_Trimester.11.aspx/ )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2011/09000/Effect_of_Second_Trimester_and_Third_Trimester.11.aspx/ )

Increasing BMI Ups Atonic Uterus Hemorrhage Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of postpartum atonic uterus hemorrhage increases with increasing maternal body mass index (BMI), but there is no correlation between obesity and postpartum hemorrhage with retained placenta, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2011/09000/Maternal_Obesity_and_Risk_of_Postpartum_Hemorrhage.10.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2011/09000/Maternal_Obesity_and_Risk_of_Postpartum_Hemorrhage.10.aspx )

Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Chronic Kidney Disease Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components are significantly associated with the development of estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) less than 60 ml/min/1.73 m², according to a meta-analysis published online Aug. 18 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract (http://cjasn.asnjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/18/CJN.02180311.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://cjasn.asnjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/18/CJN.02180311.full.pdf+html )

Four Categories of Eligibility for Contraceptive Use Endorsed

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians should assess the appropriateness of contraceptives for women with specific medical conditions or characteristics based on the four categories of medical eligibility defined by the 2010 U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (U.S. MEC), according to a Committee Opinion published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Report (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Citation/2011/09000/Committee_Opinion_No__505___Understanding_and.44.aspx )

AAP, CPS Oppose Boxing for Children and Adolescents

TUESDAY, Aug. 230 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS) oppose boxing for children and adolescents, and recommend that physicians encourage participation in alternate sports that do not involve head blows, according to a policy statement by the AAP and the CPS, published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

Report (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/24/peds.2011-1165.full.pdf+html )

AAP Recommends Quadrivalent MMRV for Most Children

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Use of measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccine (MMRV) is generally preferred over separate injections of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) and varicella vaccines, unless there is a personal or family history of seizures, or difficulty communicating the risks involved to parents or caregivers, according to a policy statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

Report (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/24/peds.2011-1968.full.pdf+html )

Child-Care Settings Opportunity to Prevent Childhood Obesity

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Child-care settings can offer numerous opportunities for healthy eating and physical activity to prevent childhood obesity, but few interventions have been designed to address these issues, according to a review published online Aug. 26 in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Full Text (http://adajournal.org/webfiles/images/journals/yjada/yjada_pc_111_9a.pdf )Editorial (http://adajournal.org/webfiles/images/journals/yjada/yjada_pc_111_9b.pdf )

Counseling Helps Smokers With Comorbid Disorders Quit

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Counseling by primary care providers (PCPs) is effective for encouraging smoking cessation for individuals with and without alcohol, drug, or mental (ADM) disorders, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Nicotine & Tobacco Research.

Abstract (http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/22/ntr.ntr167.short?rss=1/ )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/22/ntr.ntr167.full.pdf+html/ )

Aerobic Training Better Than Resistance Training for Obese

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- For sedentary, overweight and obese adults, aerobic training (AT) is more effective than resistance training (RT) at reducing visceral fat, total abdominal fat, liver fat, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, and fasting insulin resistance (HOMA), and there is no additional benefit of adding RT to AT, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in the American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Abstract (http://ajpendo.physiology.org/content/early/2011/08/10/ajpendo.00291.2011.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://ajpendo.physiology.org/content/early/2011/08/10/ajpendo.00291.2011.full.pdf+html/ )

Lack of Slow Wave Sleep Ups Hypertension Risk in Older Men

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of slow wave sleep (SWS) is significantly associated with incident hypertension in men aged 65 years and older, even after adjusting for confounding variables, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in Hypertension.

Abstract (http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/28/HYPERTENSIONAHA.111.174409.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/28/HYPERTENSIONAHA.111.174409.full.pdf+html )

ESC: Mortality Up With High Serum Cathepsin S in Elderly

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- High circulating serum cathepsin S levels are associated with an increased risk of mortality in the elderly, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, to coincide with its presentation at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2011, held Aug. 27 to 31, in Paris, France.

Full Text (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/early/2011/08/24/jama.2011.1246.full )More Information (http://www.escardio.org/congresses/esc-2011/Pages/welcome.aspx )

Public Sector Funds Large Part of State Obesity-Related Costs

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Between 22 and 55 percent of U.S. state-level obesity-related costs are financed by the public sector via Medicare and Medicaid, according to a study published online June 16 in Obesity.

Abstract (http://www.nature.com/oby/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/oby2011169a.html )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (hhttp://www.nature.com/oby/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/oby2011169a.html )

Colchicine Safe, Effective Adjunct in Recurrent Pericarditis

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Colchicine appears to be safe and effective for the secondary prevention of recurrent pericarditis, according to a study published online first August 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract ( http://www.annals.org/content/early/2011/08/26/0003-4819-155-7-201110040-00359.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) ( http://www.annals.org/content/early/2011/08/26/0003-4819-155-7-201110040-00359.full )

Apixaban Superior to Warfarin for Stroke Prevention in A-Fib

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Apixaban is superior to warfarin in lowering the risk of stroke or systemic embolism, and reduces the rate of major bleeding and mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in the New England Journal of Medicine to coincide with the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2011 held Aug. 27 to 31 in Paris, France.

Abstract (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1107039?query=featured_home )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1107039?query=featured_home#t=article )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMe1109748?query=featured_home )

Exclusive Breast-Feeding Doesn't Lower Eczema Risk

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- There is no evidence that exclusive breast-feeding for four or more months provides protection against childhood eczema, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10588.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10588.x/pdf )

Age, Income Tied to Youth Adherence to ADA Guidelines

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Overall adherence of youth to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) testing guidelines is good and is correlated with age and family income, with older age and lower income associated with non-adherence, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-3641.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-3641.full.pdf+html )

Loss of Jobs Means Loss of Health Coverage for Many in U.S.

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For American adults who lose their health insurance coverage when they lose their jobs, the majority remain uninsured, delay getting needed health care or prescriptions, and report financial difficulties paying medical bills, according to a report published online Aug. 24 by The Commonwealth Fund.

Report (http://www.commonwealthfund.org/~/media/Files/Publications/Issue%20Brief/2011/Aug/1540_Doty_when_unemployed_means_uninsured_COBRA_reform%20brief.pdf )

Self-Efficacy Tied to Achieving Physical Activity Goals in RA

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) having self-efficacy at baseline is tied to achieving physical activity goals, which has a direct effect on uality of life, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acr.20587/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acr.20587/pdf )

Intervention Boosts Parental Involvement in Infant Pain Care

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Parents who participate in an intervention to increase involvement in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) infant pain management take a more active role in infant pain care, and have increased role attainment after discharge, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2011-0272.abstract?related-urls=yes&legid=pediatrics;peds.2011-0272v1 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2011-0272.full.pdf+html )

Wide Gaps in Immune Responses Post Flu Infection

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- The wide gap in the antiviral and inflammatory response seen in symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals exposed to influenza A infection is mediated by genomic signatures, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in PLoS Genetics.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pgen.1002234 )

Permissive Parenting Linked to Watching More TV/Day

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- More children with permissive mothers watch more than four hours TV per day, and children for whom both parents demonstrate high restriction are more likely to watch less than two hours per day, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-3664.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-3664.full.pdf+html )

Higher 90-Day Mortality in New Jersey Weekend Stroke Admits

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with stroke admitted to New Jersey hospitals on weekends have a significantly increased 90-day mortality compared to those admitted on weekdays, but stroke admissions to comprehensive stroke centers (CSCs) have similar 90-day mortality for weekend versus weekday admissions, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Stroke.

Abstract (http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/25/STROKEAHA.110.612317.abstract )Full Text (http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/25/STROKEAHA.110.612317.full.pdf+html )

IOM: Few Health Issues Caused By Vaccines

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Few health issues or illnesses appear to be associated with or caused by vaccines, according to a new report published online August 25 from the Institute of Medicine(IOM).

Full Text (http://iom.edu/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2011/Adverse-Effects-of-Vaccines-Evidence-and-Causality/Adverseeffectsofvaccinesreportbrief.pdf )

High Demand, But Minority of Ob-Gyns Provide Abortions

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, 97 percent of practicing obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) encounter patients seeking abortions, but only 14 percent perform abortions, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2011/09000/Abortion_Provision_Among_Practicing.16.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2fgreenjournal%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00006250-201109000-00016 )

Extended-Release Opioid Pain Medication Approved

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Nucynta ER (tapentadol extended release) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat moderate-to-severe chronic pain in adults, maker Janssen Pharmaceuticals said.

this drug (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a610006.html )

Evidence Shows Vitamin A Cuts Death, Illness in Children

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin A supplementation reduces mortality, morbidity, and vision problems in children aged 6 months to 5 years, according to a meta-analysis published online Aug. 25 in the BMJ.

Abstract (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d5094.abstract )Full Text (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d5094.full )

ACOG Guidelines Issued for Thromboembolism in Pregnancy

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women are at an increased risk of venous thromboembolism, which can be prevented, diagnosed, and managed according to clinical guidelines published in the September issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Report (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Citation/2011/09000/Practice_Bulletin_No__123___Thromboembolism_in.39.aspx )

Expedited Partner Therapy Use Benefits Gonorrhea, Chlamydia

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Expedited partner therapy should be used in accordance with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) guidelines to prevent reinfection by treating partners of patients with gonorrhea and chlamydia who are unable or unwilling to seek medical care, according to a committee opinion published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Report (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Citation/2011/09000/Committee_Opinion_No__506___Expedited_Partner.45.aspx )

Obesity Epidemic Increasing Worldwide

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity appears to be increasing worldwide, affecting countries in varying degrees and negatively impacting quality of life and increasing associated societal costs, however, a new weight loss model and national government intervention may help slow and reverse the epidemic, according to four studies published in an obesity series online August 25 in The Lancet.

Abstract-1 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60813-1/abstract )Full Text-1 (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60813-1/fulltext#article_upsell )Abstract-2 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60814-3/abstract )Full Text-2 (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60814-3/fulltext#article_upsell )Abstract-3 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60812-X/abstract )Full Text-3 (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60812-X/fulltext#article_upsell )Abstract-4 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60815-5/abstract )Full Text-4 (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60815-5/fulltext#article_upsell )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61356-1/fulltext )

Substantial Chemo Exposure Rates Among Oncology Nurses

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Oncology nurses practicing outside of hospital inpatient units report considerable rates of chemotherapy exposure to skin and eyes, which are lowered with adequate staffing and resources, and adherence to recognized practice standards, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in BMJ Quality & Safety.

Abstract (http://qualitysafety.bmj.com/content/early/2011/08/13/bmjqs-2011-000178.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://qualitysafety.bmj.com/content/early/2011/08/13/bmjqs-2011-000178.full )

Clinical, Lab Variables Predict Survival in Advanced CA

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- A combination of clinical and laboratory variables can effectively predict two-week and two-month survival in patients with advanced cancer who are no longer being treated, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in the BMJ.

Abstract (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d4920.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d4920.full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d5171.full )

At-Risk Youth ID'd in School-Based Mental Health Screening

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- School-based mental health screening effectively identifies youth at high risk for mental illness and connects them to school- or community-based services, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

Abstract (http://www.jaacap.com/article/S0890-8567(11)00446-1/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jaacap.com/article/S0890-8567(11)00446-1/fulltext )

Early Plasma Exchange Tied to Improved Course of HUS

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Early plasma exchange therapy is associated with increased median platelet count and glomerular filtration rate, decreased median lactate dehydrogenase concentration, and improved neurological status in adults with diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), according to a study published online Aug. 25 in The Lancet.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61145-8/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61145-8/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61217-8/fulltext )

Being Happily Married Ups Survival 15 Years Post Bypass

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Married individuals, particularly those in a highly satisfying marriage, are significantly more likely to be alive 15 years after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Health Psychology.

Abstract (http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.displayRecord&id=06549329-A934-5989-F8DA-FADB3372C166&resultID=1&page=1&dbTab=pa )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=buy.optionToBuy&id=2011-18545-001 )

Complementary Medicine Used More by Health Care Workers

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health care workers, especially health care providers, are more likely to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) than the general, employed U.S. population, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Health Services Research.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01304.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01304.x/pdf )

Pharmaceutical Ads Often Don't Adhere to U.S. FDA Guidelines

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Physician-targeting pharmaceutical advertisements have low rates of adherence to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines and provide inadequate information for safe prescribing, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in PLoS One.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0023336#s2 )

HPV Test Beats Cytology-Alone in Cervical Cancer Screening

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing for HPV16 and HPV18 strains may be an alternative and more efficient screening method for cervical cancer than liquid-based cytology alone; and bivalent HPV16 and 18 vaccine protects against anal HPV infection, according to two studies published online Aug. 22 in The Lancet Oncology.

Abstract Castle (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(11)70188-7/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(11)70188-7/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(11)70195-4/fulltext )Abstract Kreimer (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(11)70213-3/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(11)70213-3/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(11)70237-6/fulltext )

CDC: HPV Vaccine Rates Lag Behind Other Teen Vaccines

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Vaccination coverage in adolescents appears to be increasing, however, the increase in human papillomavirus (HPV) coverage among adolescent females has been lagging, according to a report in the August 26 issue of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6033a1.htm?s_cid=mm6033a1_w )

CDC: State Preemption Rates Unchanged in Tobacco Efforts

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- The number of U.S. states that preempt local advertising restrictions and youth access restrictions to tobacco products appears to have remained unchanged, according to a report in the August 26 issue of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6033a2.htm?s_cid=mm6033a2_w )

Firazyr Approved for Acute Hereditary Angioedema

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Firazyr (icatibant) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat acute attacks of hereditary angioedema (HAE) in adults.

U.S. Hereditary Angioedema Association (http://www.haea.org/ )

Socioeconomic Status, Gender Affect Cystic Fibrosis Survival

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with cystic fibrosis, socioeconomic status and gender remained constant, strong predictors of survival above the annual median age at death from 1959 to 2008, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in the BMJ.

Abstract (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d4662 )Full Text (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d4662.full.pdf )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d4818 )

Occipital Padding Maintains Neutral Spine Alignment

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- The placement of padding beneath the occiput after helmet removal may be used as an effective measure to maintain neutral cervical spine alignment in the event of helmet removal among football athletes, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in Spine.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/spinejournal/Abstract/publishahead/Maintaining_Neutral_Sagittal_Cervical_Alignment.98661.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2fspinejournal%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00007632-900000000-98661 )

Azithromycin Decreases COPD Exacerbation Frequency

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- In selected patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), daily azithromycin for one year together with usual treatment decreases the frequency of exacerbations but increases the frequency of hearing decrements, according to a study published Aug. 25 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1104623?query=featured_home )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMe1106979?query=featured_home )

CDC: Two Salmonella Outbreaks Investigated

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Two outbreaks of Salmonella infections, Salmonella Altona and Salmonella Johannesburg, have been linked to chicks and ducklings from a single mail-order hatchery, according to an update from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

More Information (http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/altona-baby-chicks/082311/index.html )

Botox Approved to Treat Urinary Incontinence

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Botox (onabotulinumtoxinA) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat urinary incontinence in people with neurological conditions such as spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis.

National Library of Medicine (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001270.htm )

Ambulatory BP Monitoring Cost-Effective Diagnostic Strategy

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Ambulatory monitoring of blood pressure is the most cost-effective strategy for the diagnosis of hypertension, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in The Lancet.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61184-7/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61184-7/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61299-3/fulltext )

Airway Infections Correlate With Narcolepsy Onset in China

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- In China, narcolepsy onset is significantly associated with seasonal and annual patterns of upper airway infections, including H1N1 influenza, and increased three-fold following the 2009 H1N1 winter influenza pandemic, independent of H1N1 vaccination in the majority of cases, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Annals of Neurology.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ana.22587/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ana.22587/full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ana.22590/full )

Clinical Features Differ for Men and Women With Heart Failure

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to men, women hospitalized for heart failure have different clinical characteristics and length of hospital stay, but similar clinical presentations, in-hospital mortality, and quality of care for most parameters, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in Circulation: Heart Failure.

Abstract (http://circheartfailure.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/23/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.110.960484.abstract?sid=c92e2f9d-e3dd-4350-89eb-ae8555692769 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://circheartfailure.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/23/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.110.960484.full.pdf+html )

Diastolic Dysfunction Ups Heart Failure Risk in Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction worsens over time and with advancing age, increasing the risk of subsequent heart failure, according to a study published in the Aug. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/856.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/856.full.pdf+html )

Six Factors Impact Survival in Elderly Asians With Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Six domains of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) including age, albumin level, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status, geriatric depression scale (GDS) status, malnutrition risk, and disease stage are important predictors of overall survival (OS) in elderly Asian patients with cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2011/08/22/JCO.2010.32.0796.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2011/08/22/JCO.2010.32.0796.full.pdf+html )

Prevalence of Mental Disorders Linked to Gender Differences

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence rates of mental illness are associated with gender differences, with women having higher rates of anxiety or depression and men having higher rates of substance abuse or antisocial disorders, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology.

Full Text (http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/abn-ofp-eaton.pdf )

Hospitalization Ups Unintentional Discontinuation of Meds

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital or intensive care unit (ICU) admission is associated with unintentional discontinuation of medication for chronic diseases, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/840.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/840.full.pdf+html )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/878.short )

Dietary Portfolio Significantly Lowers LDL-C in Hyperlipidemia

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with hyperlipidemia using a specific dietary portfolio at different levels of intensity have greater reductions in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) during six months of follow-up than those receiving low-saturated fat dietary advice, according to a study published Aug. 24/31 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/831.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/831.full.pdf+html )

Drinkers, Smokers Less Likely to Adhere to Chemoprevention

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Women at high risk of breast cancer who drink alcohol each day are less likely to adhere fully to chemoprevention at one month, and cigarette smokers are less likely to adhere adequately at 36 months, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in Cancer Prevention Research.

Abstract (http://cancerpreventionresearch.aacrjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/18/1940-6207.CAPR-11-0172.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://cancerpreventionresearch.aacrjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/18/1940-6207.CAPR-11-0172.full.pdf+html )

Mammography Decline Linked to Fall in Hormone Therapy

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- The decrease in hormone therapy (HT) use seen in the United States is correlated with a decrease in mammography rates among U.S. women aged 50 to 64 years, but not in women 65 years or older, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Cancer.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.26218/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.26218/full )

Persistent Asthma Tied to In Utero Smoke Exposure

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- In utero tobacco smoke exposure is significantly associated with development of persistent asthma in Mexican, Puerto Rican, and black children, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2011-0640.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2011-0640.full.pdf+html )

U.S. Door-To-Balloon Time Shortens From 2005 to 2010

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- The door-to-balloon (D2B) time (from hospital arrival to mechanical reperfusion) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention in the United States improved between 2005 and 2010, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Circulation.

Abstract (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/21/CIRCULATIONAHA.111.044107.abstract?sid=b6b6e59f-6cae-45d3-a5dd-8c8165ea7e93 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/21/CIRCULATIONAHA.111.044107.full.pdf+html )

Pulse Oximeter Recommended For Critical CHD Screening

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved motion-tolerant pulse oximeters should be used to screen critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in newborns, according to the recommendations in a report endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Cardiology Foundation, and the American Heart Association, and published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics in preprint format.

Full Text (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/site/misc/2011-1317.preprint.pdf )

Walking School Bus Program Ups Active Commuting Time

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- A walking school bus program increases children's active commuting to school and daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-3486.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-3486.full.pdf+html )

ADHD Tied to Risk of Written-Language Disorder in Children

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Children of both genders with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have an increased risk of written-language disorder (WLD), with girls having a significantly higher risk of WLD with reading disability (RD) than boys, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-2581.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-2581.full.pdf+html )

Mobile Phone-Based System Tied to Lower Glycated Hemoglobin

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- A mobile phone-based treatment/behavioral coaching program significantly improves glycated hemoglobin levels over 12 months in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 25 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2011/07/21/dc11-0366.abstract?sid=3538e543-7526-4abe-95af-b5655bc1cf2e )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2011/07/21/dc11-0366.full.pdf+html )

NSAID Intolerance Indicative of Intolerance to Etoricoxib

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with urticaria and/or angioedema with hypersensitivity reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may also be intolerant to etoricoxib, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Allergy.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02684.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02684.x/full )

Pre-Pregnancy Weight Tied to Adolescent Asthma Risk

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal pre-pregnancy weight and obesity is associated with an increase in asthma symptoms in adolescents, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in issue of Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Abstract (http://jech.bmj.com/content/early/2011/07/08/jech.2011.133777.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jech.bmj.com/content/early/2011/07/08/jech.2011.133777.full )

Similar Platelet Response With 50 or 100 mg Dose of Aspirin

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with coronary heart disease undergoing treatment with 50 or 100 mg aspirin for five years showed no difference in platelet response or cardiovascular (CV) events, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract (http://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(11)01595-5/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(11)01595-5/fulltext )

Methotrexate Lowers Response to Pneumococcal Vaccine

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or spondylarthropathy (SpA), treatment with methotrexate (MTX), but not with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers, reduces antibody response after vaccination with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/art.30580/abstract )Full Text(subscription or payment may be required (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/art.30580/pdf )

Dalteparin Sodium Effective, Safe in Upper-Extremity DVT

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with upper-extremity deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) may be treated safely with either dalteparin sodium followed by warfarin or dalteparin sodium monotherapy for three months with a successful outcome, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1538-7836.2011.04466.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1538-7836.2011.04466.x/pdf )

Omega-3 Cost-Effective for Hypertriglyceridemia

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- A validated model indicates that prescription ω-3 fatty acids (P-OM3) offer cost-effective reduction of adverse cardiac events and triglyceride levels in patients with severe (≥500 mg/dL) hypertriglyceridemia (SHTG), according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract (http://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(11)01603-1/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(11)01603-1/fulltext )

Follow-Up Time Affects Age-Related CA Survival Difference

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The relative survival of children and adults with medulloblastomas and primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) is affected by the length of follow-up, with adults having a worse prognosis four years after diagnosis, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Cancer.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.26387/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.26387/full )

Polymorphisms Tied to Smoking Behavior Up Lung Cancer Risk

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Genetic variations in the CYP2A6 and CHRNA5-CHRNA3-CHRNB4 (CHRNA5-A3-B4) genes are together associated with an increase in cigarette consumption and nicotine dependence, and can independently and additively increase lung cancer risk, according to a study published online July 11 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Abstract (http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/07/10/jnci.djr237.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/07/10/jnci.djr237.full )

Diabetes, Hypertension Up Risk for Open-Angle Glaucoma

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Components of metabolic syndrome, including diabetes mellitus (DM) and systemic arterial hypertension (HTN) either alone or in combination, are associated with higher risk of open-angle glaucoma (OAG); whereas, the presence of hyperlipidemia lowers the risk, according to a study published in the July issue of Ophthalmology.

Abstract (http://www.ophsource.org/periodicals/ophtha/article/S0161-6420(10)01262-5/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.ophsource.org/periodicals/ophtha/article/S0161-6420(10)01262-5/fulltext )

Half of Health Care Providers Recommend HPV Co-Test

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately half of health care providers recommend the combination of human papillomavirus (HPV) and Papanicolaou test (HPV co-test) for cervical cancer screening, but fewer than 15 percent follow the recommended guidelines of waiting three years for the next screening, according to a study published online June 13 in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract (http://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378(11)00729-0/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378(11)00729-0/fulltext )

Peak Brown Adipose Tissue Activity Seen in Adolescence

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Peak brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity occurs in adolescence among both boys and girls and is inversely associated with body mass index (BMI)-percentile, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://www.jpeds.com/article/S0022-3476(11)00655-X/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jpeds.com/article/S0022-3476(11)00655-X/fulltext )

Traditional Risk Factors Up Early RA Cardiovascular Events

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors increase the risk of new cardiovascular events (CVEs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), with disease activity increasing the risk, and treatment with disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) decreasing the risk, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Arthritis Research & Therapy.

Abstract (http://arthritis-research.com/content/13/4/R131/abstract )Full Text (http://arthritis-research.com/content/pdf/ar3442.pdf )

Excess Body Fat in Elderly Tied to Decreased Life Expectancy

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Excess body fat, as measured by body mass index (BMI), in elderly adults older than 75 years is associated with decreased life expectancy, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03419.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03419.x/full )

Testosterone Gel Ups Sexual Function in Hypogonadism

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) with Testim (testosterone 1 percent) topical gel for 12 months significantly increases total testosterone (TT), free testosterone (FT), and total brief male sexual function inventory (BMSFI) score in men with hypogonadism, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02436.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02436.x/full )

Staphylococcal Biofilms Linked to Chronic Rhinosinusitis

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- The significant association between Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) biofilms and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is attributed to skewing of the T-cell response toward the T-helper2 pathway, independent of superantigen activities, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Allergy.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02678.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02678.x/full )

Coronary Artery Calcium Stratifies Cardiovascular Risk

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Coronary artery calcium (CAC) seems to be a better predictor of cardiovascular events than high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), according to a study published in the Aug. 20 European Society of Cardiology special issue of The Lancet.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60784-8/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60784-8/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61129-X/fulltext )

Budesonide Ups Expression of GILZ and FKBP51 in Asthma

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with inhaled budesonide increases the expression of GILZ and FKBP51 in patients with atopic asthma, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in the British Journal of Pharmacology.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01620.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01620.x/full )

CDC: Legionellosis Incidence Up During 2000 to 2009

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of reported legionellosis in the United States almost tripled between 2000 and 2009; however, the reason for the increase remains unclear, according to a report in the Aug. 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6032a3.htm?s_cid=mm6032a3_w )

1998 to 2009 Saw Rise in ADHD Prevalence in U.S. Children

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) showed an increasing trend from 1998-2000 to 2007-2009 among children aged 5 to 17 years, according to a report published online Aug. 18 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

More Information (http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db70.htm )

CDC: Flu Vaccine Recommendations Unchanged

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination of all persons aged ≥6 months in the United States continues to be recommended for the 2011/2012 influenza season, as in previous influenza seasons, according to an Aug. 18 early-release report in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm60e0818a1.htm?s_cid=mm60e0818a1_w )

Moderate Drinking Tied to Lower Dementia Risk in Seniors

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Light to moderate drinking is associated with a decreased risk of dementia and cognitive impairment in older individuals and does not appear to be linked to impaired cognition in younger individuals, according to a review published online Aug. 11 in Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment.

Abstract (http://www.dovepress.com/articles.php?article_id=8067 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.dovepress.com/articles.php?article_id=8067 )

CDC: 2010/2011 Flu Vaccination Coverage Studied

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination coverage among health care personnel (HCP) and pregnant women in the 2010/2011 influenza season was similar to coverage for the 2009/2010 season, according to two reports in the Aug. 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text - Health Care Personnel (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6032a1.htm?s_cid=mm6032a1_w )Full Text - Pregnant Women (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6032a2.htm?s_cid=mm6032a2_w )

Factors Identified for Spinal Stenosis Surgery Outcome

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- A history of psychiatric disease and a higher preoperative body mass index (BMI) are associated with poorer clinical outcomes following surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis, while more severe preoperative disability results in a better outcome, according to a study published in the July issue of The Spine Journal.

Abstract (http://www.thespinejournalonline.com/article/S1529-9430(11)00187-2/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thespinejournalonline.com/article/S1529-9430(11)00187-2/fulltext )

Increase in Malaria Despite Initial Preventive Success

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- A rebound in malaria attacks has been seen in Africa, especially among older children and adults, following the initial decrease after distribution of long-lasting insecticide (deltamethrin)-treated nets (LLINs) and artemisinin-based combination therapies, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(11)70194-3/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(11)70194-3/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(11)70212-2/fulltext# )

TV Viewing Reduces Life Expectancy in Australian Adults

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Television (TV) viewing time is correlated with a substantial reduction in life expectancy among Australian adults, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Abstract (http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/early/2011/08/01/bjsm.2011.085662.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/early/2011/08/01/bjsm.2011.085662.full )

High Cumulative Malpractice Risk for All Physicians

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians in all specialties have a high cumulative risk of facing a malpractice claim by age 65; although most claims do not lead to indemnity payments, according to a study published in the Aug. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa1012370 )Full Text (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa1012370#t=article )

Echolucency, Microemboli Combo Predicts Ipsilateral Stroke Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- A combination of embolic signals (ES) detection and plaque morphology can be used to predict the risk of ipsilateral stroke in patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis (ACS), according to a study published online Aug. 17 in Neurology.

Abstract (http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2011/08/17/WNL.0b013e31822b00a6.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2011/08/17/WNL.0b013e31822b00a6.full.pdf+html )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2011/08/17/WNL.0b013e31822e564e.full.pdf+html )

Rituximab Suppresses Autoantibodies to Insulin

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with rituximab differentially suppresses autoantibodies to insulin (IAAs) in all patients with new-onset type 1A diabetes for a year, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Diabetes.

Abstract (http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/05/db11-0674.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/05/db11-0674.full.pdf+html )

Fructose-Rich Corn Syrup Intake Raises CVD Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Consuming high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) for two weeks at 25 percent of energy requirements (E) increases triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and apolipoprotein B (apoB) levels in young adults comparably to fructose but more than glucose, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Abstract (http://jcem.endojournals.org/content/early/2011/08/11/jc.2011-1251.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jcem.endojournals.org/content/early/2011/08/11/jc.2011-1251.full.pdf+html )

Pericardial Fat Volume Tied to Atherosclerotic Plaque Burden

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Pericardial fat volume is more strongly associated with coronary atherosclerotic plaque burden than body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in Radiology.

Abstract (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/early/2011/08/02/radiol.11110346.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/early/2011/08/02/radiol.11110346.full )

Peanut Butter Products Linked to Salmonellosis Outbreak

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- A nationwide outbreak of human Salmonella Typhimurium infections in the United States in 2008 has been attributed to eating a specific brand of contaminated peanut butter and peanut products, according to a study published in the Aug 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1011208 )

Prolonged Tetracycline for Acne Lowers S. aureus Colonization

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with acne, the prolonged use of tetracycline antibiotics lowers the prevalence of colonization by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and does not increase resistance to tetracycline antibiotics, according to a study published in the August issue of the Archives of Dermatology.

Abstract (http://archderm.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/147/8/917 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archderm.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/147/8/917 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archderm.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/147/8/921 )

New Study Links Smoking to Higher Bladder Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- The relative risk for bladder cancer from tobacco smoking is higher than reported in previous studies, with population attributable risks (PARs) for women comparable to those for men, according to a study published Aug. 17 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/7/737.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/7/737.full )

High Vitamin D Levels Up Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Higher baseline serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) levels are significantly and positively associated with an increased risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Archives of Dermatology.

Abstract (http://archderm.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/archdermatol.2011.231 )Full Text ( http://archderm.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/archdermatol.2011.231 )

Pegloticase Tied to Lower Uric Acid Levels in Chronic Gout

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Pegloticase lowers uric acid levels in patients with refractory chronic gout, according to a study published in the Aug. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/7/711.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/7/711.full )

Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria Ups Youth ESRD Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults with persistent asymptomatic isolated microscopic hematuria have a significantly increased risk of treated end-stage renal disease (ESRD), although the incidence and absolute risk remain quite low for prolonged periods, according to a study published in the Aug. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/7/729.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/7/729.full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/7/764.short )

Bordetella Infections Rare in Children With Cough Illness

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Bordetella pertussis (B. pertussis) and Bordetella parapertussis (B. parapertussis) infections are rarely found in young patients with cough illness, as are concomitant virus/Bordetella infections, according to a study published in the August issue of the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/pidj/Abstract/2011/08000/Bordetella_pertussis_and_Concomitant_Viral.3.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2fpidj%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00006454-201108000-00003 )

Glucocorticoid Reduces Renal Scarring After Pyelonephritis

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with adjunctive oral methylprednisolone sodium phosphate (MPD) combined with antibiotics significantly reduces the occurrence and severity of renal scarring among children with acute pyelonephritis (APN), according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/11/peds.2010-0297.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/11/peds.2010-0297.full.pdf+html )

Selective Use of Drug-Eluting Stents Tied to Reduced Costs

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- The change from liberal use of drug-eluting stents (DES) in 2004 to 2006 to selective use in 2007 was associated with a small but statistically significant increase in target lesion revascularization (TLR), and a modest reduction in total cardiovascular costs, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Circulation.

Abstract (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/13/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.978593.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/13/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.978593.full.pdf+html )

Patient Care Improves With Anticoagulation Service

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- A Pharmacist-Directed Anticoagulation Service (PDAS) improves the quality of care for patients taking the anticoagulant drug warfarin in an inpatient setting by coordinating the transition of care from an inpatient to an outpatient setting, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jhm.910/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jhm.910/full )

Model Estimates Neutron Leak From Japanese Nuclear Plant

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- A model based on measurements of radioactive 35S in sulfate aerosols and SO2 gas estimates that 35SO42− concentrations at the Fukushima marine boundary are around 365 times higher than normal, and that the radioactive sulphate reached Southern California, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Abstract (http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2011/08/11/1109449108.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2011/08/11/1109449108.full.pdf+html )

Chinese Herbal Decoction Cuts Time to H1N1 Fever Resolution

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Chinese herbal decoction maxingshigan-yinqiaosan, alone or in combination with oseltamivir, is associated with a reduced time to fever resolution in patients with H1N1 influenza virus infection, according to a study published in the Aug. 16 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract (http://www.annals.org/content/155/4/217.abstract?aimhp )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.annals.org/content/155/4/217.full )

Antidepressants Don't Impact Stimulants' Efficacy in ADHD

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- In adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), concomitant use of antidepressants does not affect the safety or efficacy of osmotic release oral system methylphenidate (OROS-MPH), according to a study published online Aug. 5 in CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1755-5949.2010.00233.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1755-5949.2010.00233.x/full )

Sleep Apnea Recurs Within Days of CPAP Withdrawal

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), withdrawal of CPAP is associated with rapid recurrence of OSA and subjective sleepiness, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Abstract (http://ajrccm.atsjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/201106-0964OCv1 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://ajrccm.atsjournals.org/cgi/reprint/201106-0964OCv1 )

Quality Indicators Developed for Children With Sickle Cell

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- A set of 41 quality-of-care indicators, which can measure and improve care among children with sickle cell disease (SCD), has been developed by an expert panel, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/11/peds.2010-1791.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/11/peds.2010-1791.full.pdf+html )

UVR Exposure From Tanning Beds Ups Cerebral Blood Flow

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) during use of a tanning bed increases regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the dorsal striatum, anterior insula, and medial orbitofrontal cortex, according to a study published online April 11 in Addiction Biology.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1369-1600.2010.00312.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1369-1600.2010.00312.x/full )

Clindamycin More Effective in Treating Soft Tissue Infections

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Use of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and β-lactams for treatment of pediatric skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) is associated with increased risks of treatment failure and recurrence compared to treatment with clindamycin, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/11/peds.2010-3681.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/11/peds.2010-3681.full.pdf+html )

Spinal Manipulation Therapy Effectively Treats Low Back Pain

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) is an effective treatment for patients with chronic, nonspecific low back pain (LBP), and maintenance SMT provides long-term pain relief, according to a study published in the Aug. 15 issue of Spine.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/spinejournal/Abstract/2011/08150/Does_Maintained_Spinal_Manipulation_Therapy_for.2.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2fspinejournal%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00007632-201108150-00002 )

Sexually Abused Children at Risk of Genital HPV Infection

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Detection of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) is significantly more likely in sexually abused children than those without evidence of child sexual abuse (CSA), and increases with certainty of abuse, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/11/peds.2010-2247.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/11/peds.2010-2247.full.pdf+html )

Altered Movement Biomechanics in Obese Tied to Osteoarthritis

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Obese individuals have altered movement strategies during everyday movements, including walking and sit-to-stand, according to a review published online Aug. 3 in Obesity Reviews.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2011.00916.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2011.00916.x/full )

Biofield Healing Tied to Less Fatigue for Cancer Survivors

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Biofield healing is associated with a significant reduction in fatigue and cortisol slope in breast cancer survivors, independently of belief, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in Cancer.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.26345/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.26345/full )

Sibling Recurrence Risk of Autism Nearly 19 Percent

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The sibling recurrence risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) among infants with an older affected sibling is almost 19 percent, and is significantly predicted by infant gender and having more than one affected sibling, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/11/peds.2010-2825.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/11/peds.2010-2825.full.pdf+html )

Psychiatric Comorbidity Affects Costs in Severe Back Pain

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with severe back pain undergoing disc surgery have high direct and indirect costs, which are influenced by psychiatric comorbidity, according to a study published in the July issue of The Spine Journal.

Abstract (http://www.thespinejournalonline.com/article/S1529-9430(11)00182-3/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thespinejournalonline.com/article/S1529-9430(11)00182-3/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thespinejournalonline.com/article/S1529-9430(11)00270-1/fulltext )

Unrealistic Functional Expectations Post-Prostatectomy

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Many men have unrealistic expectations of their urinary and sexual function following prostatectomy, according to a study published in the August issue of The Journal of Urology.

Abstract (http://www.jurology.com/article/S0022-5347(11)03522-1/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jurology.com/article/S0022-5347(11)03522-1/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jurology.com/article/S0022-5347(11)03964-4/fulltext )

Low Sexual Desire in Majority of Middle-Aged Brazilian Women

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Low sexual function is prevalent among middle-aged Brazilian women, with low sexual desire seen in the majority; and, low arousal and orgasmic function, each found in more than 30 percent of women, is affected by various factors, including presence of a sexual partner, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02405.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02405.x/full )

Compression Stockings Lessen Obstructive Sleep Apnea

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), wearing compression stockings during the day attenuates OSA by reducing fluid accumulation in the legs and its overnight redistribution into the neck, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Abstract (http://ajrccm.atsjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/201102-0350OCv1 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://ajrccm.atsjournals.org/cgi/reprint/201102-0350OCv1 )

CDC: Canine Seroprevalence Tied to Lyme Disease Risk

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Canine seroprevalence is a sensitive marker of risk of human Lyme disease infection; and risk of infection is lower on pasture land than on meadow or fallow land, according to two studies published online Aug. 10 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Full Text - Mead (http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/17/9/pdfs/11-0210.pdf )Full Text - Richter (http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/17/9/pdfs/10-1523.pdf )

Epidermal Electronic System Monitors Heart, Brain Activity

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- An ultrathin epidermal electronic system (EES), comparable to skin, can effectively monitor the electrical activity of heart, brain, and skeletal muscle when laminated onto the skin like a temporary transfer tattoo, according to a study published in the Aug. 12 issue of Science.

Abstract (http://www.sciencemag.org/content/333/6044/838.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.sciencemag.org/content/333/6044/838.full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.sciencemag.org/content/333/6044/830.summary )

Trastuzumab Ups Cardiotoxicity Risk in Some Elderly Women

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- In elderly women with breast cancer and a history of cardiac disease or diabetes, treatment with trastuzumab is associated with an increased risk of cardiotoxicity, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in the Annals of Oncology.

Abstract (http://annonc.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/08/annonc.mdr348.short?rss=1 )Full Text (http://annonc.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/08/annonc.mdr348.full )

Depression Tied to Moderately Higher Stroke Risk in Women

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Women with depression have a moderate but significant increased risk of subsequent stroke, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Stroke.

Abstract (http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/11/STROKEAHA.111.617043.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/11/STROKEAHA.111.617043.full.pdf+html )

Vitamin D Deficiency, Gene Polymorphisms Up Food Sensitivity

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) increases the risk of food sensitization (FS) in children with certain single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), specifically in IL4, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in Allergy.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02681.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02681.x/full )

Childbearing Patterns Differ Across Three U.S. Generations

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Each generation of women faces unique sociohistorical experiences, which impact childbearing patterns across generations, according to a report published Aug. 11 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

More Information (http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db68.htm )

Niacin Linked to Improved Erectile Function

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Men with moderate to severe erectile dysfunction (ED) and dyslipidemia have significantly improved erectile function with treatment with niacin, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02414.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02414.x/full )

Evidence Lacking That Aspirin Use in IVF Improves Birth Rate

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Aspirin use for women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) cannot be recommended due to lack of evidence indicating effectiveness in improving outcomes, according to a review published online Aug. 10 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD004832.pub3/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD004832.pub3/full )

Cognitive Function Tied to Markers of Cognitive Reserve

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive performance is correlated with markers of reserve; but the rate of cognitive decline is similar in all reserve groups, with a difference in cognitive decline seen only in the high occupation group, according to a study published in the August issue of the Annals of Neurology.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ana.22391/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ana.22391/full )

Obesity Ups Risk of Incident Gout, Tied to Earlier Onset

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is a strong risk factor for incident gout, and is correlated with a younger age of gout onset, according to a study published in the August issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acr.20479/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acr.20479/full )

CDC: Lower Socioeconomic Status Tied to Higher HIV Rate

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of HIV infections appears to be higher among individuals with lower socioeconomic status in urban areas with a high prevalence of AIDS, according to a report in the Aug. 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6031a1.htm?s_cid=mm6031a1_w )

CDC: M. haemophilum Infection Possible After Tattooing

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Mycobacterium haemophilum (M. haemophilum) infection has been identified in at least one immunocompetent adult with a chronic skin infection after tattooing, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/17/9/pdfs/10-2011.pdf )

Interstitial Cystitis Subtypes Have Distinct Differences

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- In women with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS), the number of comorbid diagnoses/symptoms differ substantially between the ulcerative (ULC) and nonulcerative (N-ULC) IC/PBS subtypes and controls, according to a study published in the August issue of Urology.

Abstract (http://www.goldjournal.net/article/S0090-4295%2811%2900428-6/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.goldjournal.net/article/S0090-4295%2811%2900428-6/fulltext )

Heart Disease Risk Higher in Female Versus Male Smokers

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with nonsmokers, women who smoke have a significantly higher risk of coronary heart disease than do male smokers, independent of other cardiovascular risk factors, according to a review published online Aug. 11 in The Lancet.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60781-2/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60781-2/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61035-0/fulltext )

Typical Alzheimer Patterns Less Salient in Very-Old

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Certain cognitive and morphometric brain abnormalities associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) are less salient in very-old patients than in young-old patients, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Neurology.

Abstract (http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2011/08/10/WNL.0b013e31822b0004.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2011/08/10/WNL.0b013e31822b0004.full.pdf+html )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2011/08/10/WNL.0b013e31822b013a.full.pdf+html )

Race, Gender Discrepancies in Neurologist Care for Parkinson's

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Women and nonwhite patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) are less likely to receive neurologist care than white men, and patients receiving neurologist care may have improved selected clinical outcomes and a lower likelihood of death, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Neurology.

Abstract (http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2011/08/10/WNL.0b013e31822c9123.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2011/08/10/WNL.0b013e31822c9123.full.pdf+html )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2011/08/10/WNL.0b013e31822b0118.full.pdf+html )

Higher Diagnostic Blood Loss Tied to Higher Anemia Risk

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Increased blood loss from diagnostic phlebotomy increases the risk for moderate to severe hospital-acquired anemia (HAA) among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract (http://archinte.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/archinternmed.2011.361 )Full Text (http://archinte.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/archinternmed.2011.361 )Editorial (http://archinte.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/archinternmed.2011.335 )

Lower Mortality for Older Blacks Receiving Dialysis

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Blacks older than 50 years who are undergoing dialysis have lower mortality compared to whites, as opposed to younger blacks who have an increased risk of death, according to a study published in the Aug. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/6/620.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/6/620.full )

Cell-Free DNA Fetal Sex Tests Most Accurate After 20 Weeks

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Fetal sex determination tests using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RTQ-PCR) have the highest sensitivity and specificity for detection of Y chromosome sequences after 20 weeks' gestation, according to a meta-analysis published in the Aug. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/6/627.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/6/627.full )

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Tied to Dementia in Older Women

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Older women with sleep-disordered breathing have an increased risk of cognitive impairment and dementia, according to a study published in the Aug. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/6/613.short )Full Text (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/6/613.full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/6/654.extract )

Delayed Care for Rheumatoid Arthritis in Europe Studied

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- European patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) experience an average delay of 24 weeks from the time of symptom onset to the assessment by a rheumatologist, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

Abstract (http://ard.bmj.com/content/early/2011/07/09/ard.2011.151902.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://ard.bmj.com/content/early/2011/07/09/ard.2011.151902.full )

Knowledge, Beliefs Affect Judgment of Hand Hygiene Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Individual differences in knowledge levels and beliefs among health care workers (HCWs) affect their risk perception regarding pathogen transfer, with touching patient skin believed to be riskier than touching objects, according to a study published in the August issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

Abstract (http://www.ajicjournal.org/article/S0196-6553(10)00938-7/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.ajicjournal.org/article/S0196-6553(10)00938-7/fulltext )

Familial Factors Predict VTE in Unaffected Siblings

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Familial risk factors are significant predictors of venous thromboembolism (VTE) among unaffected siblings between the ages of 10 to 69 years, and although the absolute risk increases with age, the relative contribution of familial factors decreases with age, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in Circulation.

Abstract (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/08/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.965020.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/08/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.965020.full.pdf+html )

Soy Isoflavones Don't Prevent Menopausal Bone Loss

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Soy isoflavone tablets, administered once daily, do not prevent bone loss or menopausal symptoms in women during the first five years of menopause, according to a study published in the Aug. 8/22 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract (http://archinte.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/171/15/1363 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archinte.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/171/15/1363 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archinte.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/171/15/1369 )

AHRQ: CPAP Highly Effective in Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines and mandibular advancement devices (MADs) are very effective in treating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but evidence supporting weight loss or surgery is not as strong, according to a report published Aug. 8 by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

More Information (http://www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/index.cfm/search-for-guides-reviews-and-reports/?pageaction=displayproduct&productid=731 )

Physical Activity Ups Satisfaction With Body Image, Function

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Predictors of improvement in satisfaction with body function and appearance in mid-life and older adults include greater physical activity, greater reductions in body mass index (BMI) and depressive symptoms, and being white, according to a study published in the June issue of the Annals of Behavioral Medicine.

Abstract (http://www.springerlink.com/content/318r82q1287117v6/ )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (https://springerlink3.metapress.com/content/318r82q1287117v6/resource-secured/?target=fulltext.pdf&sid=qi2j5bi2ft3nu0j3jeeh3f45&sh=www.springerlink.com )

More Neurology Residents Comfortable Using tPA for Stroke

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- The number of graduating U.S. neurology residents with experience, and who report feeling comfortable, treating acute ischemic stroke patients with tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) increased from 2000 to 2010, with more residents having exposure to stroke teams and formal training in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in Stroke.

Abstract (http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/04/STROKEAHA.111.621839.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/04/STROKEAHA.111.621839.full.pdf+html )

Short Time to First Cigarette Ups Head and Neck Cancer Risk

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking the first cigarette of the day within 60 minutes of waking increases the risk of head and neck cancer and of lung cancer, according to two studies published online Aug. 8 in Cancer.

Abstract - Muscat 1 (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.26235/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.26235/full )Abstract - Muscat 2 (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.26236/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.26236/full )

Oral Contraceptives Beneficial in Inflammatory Polyarthritis

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- In women with inflammatory polyarthritis (IP), use of oral contraceptives (OCs) before or during symptom onset is associated with beneficial functional outcome, according to a study published in the August issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/art.30416/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/art.30416/full )

Certain Suicidal Behaviors Differ for Early, Late Teens

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Suicidal behavior among early and late adolescents prescribed antidepressants differs in terms of the methods used, history of abuse, and psychotic disorders, although for both groups the most frequent method is medication ingestion, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/04/peds.2010-3262.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/04/peds.2010-3262.full.pdf+html )

Sexual and Endothelial Function Improves With Weight Loss

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Weight loss induced by following a low-calorie diet (LCD) or a low-fat, high-protein, reduced-carbohydrate (HP) diet improves sexual, urinary, and inflammatory function in obese men with diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02417.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02417.x/full )

Lifetime Eating Disorders Tied to Fertility Problems in Women

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Lifetime eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, in women are associated with fertility problems, unplanned pregnancies, and negative attitudes toward pregnancy, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03077.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03077.x/full )

Multi-Screen Viewing Common Behavior Among Children

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Children in the United Kingdom regularly engage in two or more forms of screen viewing at the same time, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in the International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.

Abstract (http://www.ijbnpa.org/content/8/1/85/abstract )Full Text (http://www.ijbnpa.org/content/pdf/1479-5868-8-85.pdf )

Cost of Interacting With Payers Higher in U.S. Than Canada

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Physician practices in the United States spend considerably more on interactions with health plans than Canadian practices, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract (http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/early/2011/08/03/hlthaff.2010.0893.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/early/2011/08/03/hlthaff.2010.0893.full )

Specific, Reliable Biomarkers ID'd for Alzheimer's Disease

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Specific serum autoantibodies can serve as biomarkers to diagnose Alzheimer's disease (AD) throughout the course of the disease with high sensitivity and specificity, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in PLoS ONE.

Full Text (http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0023112 )

Fusion Transcript, PCA3 in Urine Predict Prostate Cancer Risk

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- A urine test that detects the presence of a fusion transcript of transmembrane protease, serine 2 (TMPRSS2) and v-ets erythroblastosis virus E26 oncogene homolog (avian) (ERG) genes can predict the risk of prostate cancer in men with elevated serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA), according to a study published in the Aug. 3 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

Abstract (http://stm.sciencemag.org/content/3/94/94ra72.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://stm.sciencemag.org/content/3/94/94ra72.full )

Antidepressant Prescriptions for Non-Psych Disorders Up

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) --The number of antidepressants prescribed by non-psychiatrist physicians to patients without a psychiatric disorder continues to rise, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract (http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/30/8/1434.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/30/8/1434.full )

Nurse Case Managers Improve Cardiac Risk Control in Diabetes

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Nurse case managers can improve the percentage of patients with diabetes who achieve control of hypertension, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia, according to a study published in the August issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/34/8/1689.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/34/8/1689.full )

Child's Temperament Impacts Susceptibility to Parenting

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- A child's temperament impacts the effects of negative parenting, with more symptoms reported for children who are low in effortful control, according to a study published online July 30 in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.

Abstract (http://www.springerlink.com/content/f276647338073115/ )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (https://springerlink3.metapress.com/content/f276647338073115/resource-secured/?target=fulltext.pdf&sid=l0pe0w45y20fbre2bjlyoga0&sh=www.springerlink.com )

CDC: Neuroinvasive Arboviral Disease Incidence Studied

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- West Nile Virus (WNV) was the most common cause of neuroinvasive arboviral diseases in the United States in 2010, with La Crosse virus the most common cause of disease among children, according to a report in the Aug. 5 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6030a1.htm?s_cid=mm6030a1_w )

CDC: Age Range Expanded for Meningococcal Vaccine

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- MenACWY-CRM (Menveo, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics), a quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine, appears to be safe and effective for use with the recently extended age indication, and is interchangeable with the other licensed meningococcal conjugate vaccine, MenACWY-D (Menactra, Sanofi Pasteur), according to a report in the Aug. 5 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6030a3.htm?s_cid=mm6030a3_w )

First Treatment Solely for Scorpion Stings Approved

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Anascorp, the first injection devised solely to treat scorpion stings, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Medline Plus (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002850.htm )

Gastric Bypass Tied to Reduced Fat Intake in Humans, Rats

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Gastric bypass is associated with reduced intake of and preference for fat in rats, and reduced intake of dietary fat for humans, according to an experimental study published online in July 6 in the American Journal of Physiology.

Abstract (http://ajpregu.physiology.org/content/early/2011/06/30/ajpregu.00139.2011.reprint )Full Text (http://ajpregu.physiology.org/content/early/2011/06/30/ajpregu.00139.2011.full.pdf+html )

Lower Post MI Physical Activity in Areas With Low Income

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Low neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) is a significant predictor of lower uptake of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) by survivors of myocardial infarction (MI), even after adjusting for individual SES and clinical profile, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Full Text (http://www.ajpmonline.org/webfiles/images/journals/amepre/AMEPRE%203134%20stamped.pdf )

Longevity Has No Link to a Distinct Lifestyle

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with exceptional longevity are not distinct from the general population in terms of lifestyle factors, including body mass index, smoking, physical activity, or low-calorie diet, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03498.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03498.x/full )

Lebrikizumab Ups Lung Function in Adults With Asthma

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with lebrikizumab increases lung function in adults with asthma, especially for those with high levels of serum periostin, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1106469?query=featured_home )Full Text (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1106469?query=featured_home#t=article )

Teens Who Misuse Controlled Meds More Likely to Abuse Drugs

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Among adolescents who take at least one prescribed controlled medication, 22 percent report misuse, and misusers are significantly more likely to have a positive screening result for drug abuse, according to a study published in the August issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract (http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/165/8/729 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/165/8/729 )

Childhood Adversities Tied to Adult-Onset Chronic Conditions

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood adversities and early-onset mental disorders are independent predictors of increased risk of diverse adult-onset chronic physical conditions, according to a study published in the August issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract (http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/68/8/838 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/68/8/838 )

New Ehrlichia Species Identified in the United States

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Apart from the usual pathogens Ehrlichia chaffeensis (E. chaffeensis) and E. ewingii implicated as the cause of ehrlichiosis in United States, ehrlichiosis can be caused by a new species that closely resembles E. muris, according to a study published in the Aug. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1010493?query=featured_home )

Specific Criteria Beat DSM-IV in ID of Bipolar in Major Depression

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- In patients being treated for a major depressive episode (MDE), use of bipolarity-specifier criteria is a valid method of identifying bipolar disorders and identifies more cases than using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria, according to a study published in the August issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract (http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/68/8/791 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/68/8/791 )

FDA: High-Dose Fluconazole Tied to Birth Defects

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has notified health care professionals and patients that treatment with chronic, high doses (400 to 800 mg/day) of fluconazole (Diflucan) during the first trimester of pregnancy may be associated with a rare and distinct set of birth defects in infants.

More Information (http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch/SafetyInformation/SafetyAlertsforHumanMedicalProducts/ucm266468.htm )

CDC: HIV Infections Stabilized Between 2006 and 2009

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The annual number of new HIV infections in the United States was relatively stable between 2006 and 2009; however, infections increased among young men who have sex with men (MSM), especially black MSM, according to a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention national HIV incidence surveillance assessment published online Aug. 3 in PLoS One.

CDC Press Release (http://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/newsroom/HIVIncidencePressRelease.html?source=govdelivery )PLoS One Full Text (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0017502 )

Teen Masturbation Frequency, Prevalence Differs by Gender

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence and frequency of masturbation differs between males and females throughout adolescence but is associated in both with several partnered sexual behaviors, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract (http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/archpediatrics.2011.142 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/archpediatrics.2011.142 )

Prenatal Magnetic Field Exposure Ups Children's Asthma Risk

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal exposure to high levels of magnetic fields (MFs) during pregnancy is associated with increased asthma risk in the offspring, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract (http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/archpediatrics.2011.135 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/archpediatrics.2011.135 )

High Doses of Zinc Found to Reduce Common Cold Duration

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- In individuals with natural common cold infections, use of lozenges containing a daily zinc dose of over 75 mg significantly reduces cold symptoms, but use of a daily total of less than 75 mg shows no effect, according to a meta-analysis published online June 23 in the Open Respiratory Medicine Journal.

Full Text (http://www.benthamscience.com/open/tormj/articles/V005/51TORMJ.pdf )

Oseltamivir-Resistant Pandemic H1N1 2009 Virus Emerging

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians should be aware of an emergence of oseltamivir-resistant pandemic H1N1 2009 virus, particularly in immunocompromised patients, according to a study published online July 29 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/17/10/pdfs/11-0117.pdf )

High Risk of Adverse Outcomes Tied to SSRI Use in Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- In older individuals with depression, use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and certain other antidepressants is associated with higher risk of adverse outcomes than tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), according to a study published online Aug. 2 in BMJ.

Abstract (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d4551 )Full Text (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d4551.full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d4660 )

Even Small Amount of Exercise Lowers Heart Disease Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- A dose-response relationship is seen between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, with significant reductions seen with less than or equivalent to 150 minutes/week of moderate-intensity LTPA and additional risk reductions for those engaging in activity equivalent to 300 minutes/week, according to a meta-analysis published online Aug. 1 in Circulation.

Abstract (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/01/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.010710.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/01/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.010710.full.pdf+html )

CDC: Many Hospitals Do Not Fully Support Breastfeeding

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Only 4 percent of U.S. hospitals provide the complete range of support for mothers to learn, practice, and engage in breastfeeding, according to a Vital Signs report published in the Aug. 2 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm60e0802a1.htm?s_cid=mm60e0802a1_w )

Risperidone Not Effective for Military-Related PTSD

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- The second-generation antipsychotic risperidone is not an effective treatment for veterans with chronic military-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) not responding to serotonin reuptake-inhibitors (SRIs) treatment, according to a study published in the Aug. 3 violence/human rights-themed issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/5/493.short )Full Text (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/5/493.full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/5/549.short )

Gender-Based Violence Tied to Women's Mental Health Disorders

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Gender-based violence (GBV) is significantly associated with mental health disorder, dysfunction, and disability in a representative sample of Australian women, according to a study published in the Aug. 3 violence/human-rights themed-issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/5/513.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/5/513.full )

Neurobehavioral Processes Affect Eating Behavior in Obese

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Personal choices in weight control are affected by three neurobehavioral processes, including food reward, inhibitory control, and time discounting; and understanding these processes may help control obesity, according to a commentary published in the August issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.adajournal.org/article/S0002-8223(11)00586-4/fulltext )

Syphilis Up in Black, Hispanic Men Having Sex With Men

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of primary and secondary syphilis in 27 U.S. states have increased more among black and Hispanic men who have sex with men (MSM) (compared to white MSM), and also among young MSM, according to a study published in the Aug. 2 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract (http://www.annals.org/content/155/3/145.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.annals.org/content/155/3/145.full )

New Guidelines Issued for COPD Diagnosis, Management

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians should use spirometry for screening or diagnosis, and inhaled therapies, pulmonary rehabilitation programs, and supplemental oxygen therapy to improve management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), according to the joint practice guidelines of the American College of Physicians (ACP), the American College of Chest Physicians, the American Thoracic Society, and the European Respiratory Society, published in the Aug. 2 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract (http://www.annals.org/content/155/3/179.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.annals.org/content/155/3/179.full )

Lower Risk of Repeat Vascular Events in Young Adults on Statins

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults treated with a statin for an ischemic stroke of unknown etiology are at lower risk for subsequent vascular events than were those who are untreated, according to a study published in the Aug. 2 issue of Neurology.

Abstract (http://www.neurology.org/content/77/5/426.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.neurology.org/content/77/5/426.full )

FDA: GEM Premier 4000 PAK Cartridges Recalled

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has notified health care professionals and patients that the GEM Premier 4000 PAK Cartridges for use on the GEM Premier 4000 System have been recalled, as test results may lead to inappropriate patient treatment and may cause serious adverse effects, including death.

More Information (http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch/SafetyInformation/SafetyAlertsforHumanMedicalProducts/ucm266113.htm )

Midlife Vascular Risk Factors Impact Structural Brain Aging

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Hypertension, diabetes, smoking, and obesity in midlife are associated with accelerated progression of structural brain aging, and decline in executive function a decade later, according to a study published in the Aug. 2 issue of Neurology.

Abstract (http://www.neurology.org/content/77/5/461.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.neurology.org/content/77/5/461.full )

DHA Intake in Pregnancy Tied to Fewer Colds in Infants

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation during pregnancy is associated with reduced occurrence of cold symptoms in infants at 1 month, and influences the duration of certain illness symptoms at 1, 3, and 6 months, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/07/28/peds.2010-1386.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/07/28/peds.2010-1386.full.pdf+html )

Risk Factors for Sudden Cardiac Death, CHD Can Be Different

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Although sudden cardiac death (SCD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) have several risk factors in common, echocardiogram (ECG) findings and clinical parameters, including hypertension, race/ethnicity, body mass index (BMI), and heart rate, can help differentiate SCD and incident CHD, according to a study published online July 20 in Heart.

Abstract (http://heart.bmj.com/content/early/2011/07/19/hrt.2010.215871.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://heart.bmj.com/content/early/2011/07/19/hrt.2010.215871.full )

Menopause Not Tied to Diabetes Risk for Glucose Intolerant

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Natural menopause is not associated with diabetes risk and does not influence response to diabetes prevention programs in women with glucose intolerance, according to a study published in the August issue of Menopause.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/menopausejournal/Abstract/2011/08000/Menopause_and_risk_of_diabetes_in_the_Diabetes.8.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2fmenopausejournal%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00042192-201108000-00008 )

One-Shot Flu Vaccine Partially Effective After Teen Transplant

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- A single dose of pandemic influenza A (pH1N1/09) vaccine offers a modest rate of seroconversion in pediatric liver transplant patients above the age of 10 years, according to a study published in the August issue of Liver Transplantation.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/lt.22283/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/lt.22283/full )

Higher Breast Density Tied to Higher Breast Cancer Risk

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Increased breast densities are associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, especially in tumors with more aggressive characteristics, and in in-situ tumors, according to a study published online July 27 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Abstract (http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/07/27/jnci.djr225.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/07/27/jnci.djr225.full )Editorial (http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/07/27/jnci.djr263.full )

Major Depression Strongly Linked to Social Conditions

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Major depressive episode (MDE) is a significant public-health concern across high and low-to-middle-income countries, and it is strongly linked to social conditions, according to a study published online July 26 in BMC Medicine.

Abstract (http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/9/90/abstract )Full Text (http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1741-7015-9-90.pdf )

Infrastructure Tied to Most U.K. Obesity-Related Safety Events

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of obesity-associated safety incidents reported to the United Kingdom's National Patient Safety Agency (NPSA) are related to infrastructure, and are classified as low or no harm, according to a study published online July 25 in the Postgraduate Medical Journal.

Abstract (http://pmj.bmj.com/content/early/2011/06/30/pgmj.2010.106989.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pmj.bmj.com/content/early/2011/06/30/pgmj.2010.106989.full )

Pubertal Status Predicts Some Functional Somatic Symptoms

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- There are no significant gender differences in the association between pubertal development and functional somatic symptoms (FSS) in Dutch or American adolescents, but pubertal stage can predict later back pain, overtiredness, and dizziness, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/07/28/peds.2010-2364.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/07/28/peds.2010-2364.full.pdf+html )