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August 2011 Briefing - Nursing

August 2011 Briefing - Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for August 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Predictors of Child Ventricular Assist Device Mortality ID'd

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- In children with ventricular assist device (VAD) support, congenital etiology, norepinephrine requirement, C-reactive protein (CRP) levels higher than 6.3 mg/dL, and central venous pressure (CVP) greater than 17 mm Hg are independent predictors of in-hospital mortality, according to a study published in the Sept. 6 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Abstract (http://content.onlinejacc.org/cgi/content/abstract/58/11/1183 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://content.onlinejacc.org/cgi/content/full/58/11/1183 )

Electronic Records Tied to Better Diabetes Care, Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Medical practices using electronic health records (EHRs) achieve significantly higher composite standards for diabetes care and outcomes than those using paper records, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa1102519 )

Deletion in β-Globin ID'd in Fetal Hemoglobin Silencing

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- A small intergenic region required for γ-globin (fetal hemoglobin) gene silencing has been identified near the 5' end of the δ-globin gene, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1103070 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMe1106969 )

CPR Pre-Heart Rhythm Analysis Does Not Affect Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, the outcome of a brief period of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with early rhythm analysis is similar to that of a longer period of CPR with delayed rhythm analysis; and the use of an impedance threshold device (ITD) during standard CPR does not significantly improve survival with satisfactory function, according to two studies published in the Sept. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text - Stiell (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1010076 )Full Text - Aufderheide (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1010821 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMe1108108 )

Japan's Universal Health System Evaluated

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The disproportionate aging population in Japan and societal influences may negatively impact the country's universal health care system, according to six articles published in a Japan series online Aug. 30 in The Lancet.

Abstract 1 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61098-2/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61098-2/fulltext )Abstract 2 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60828-3/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60828-3/fulltext )Abstract 3 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60987-2/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60987-2/fulltext )Abstract 4 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61048-9/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61048-9/fulltext )Abstract 5 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61176-8/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61176-8/fulltext )Abstract 6 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61055-6/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61055-6/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61223-3/fulltext )

Pediatric Window-Fall-Related Head Injuries Analyzed

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Children younger than 4 years of age or those landing on hard surfaces are more likely to sustain head injuries, be hospitalized, or die in window-related falls than older children or those who fall on cushioning surfaces, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-2687.abstract )Full Text (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-2687.full.pdf+html )

Undernutrition in Early Life Ups CHD Risk in Adult Women

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to undernutrition during postnatal developmental periods of childhood, adolescence, or young adulthood is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in adult women, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in the European Heart Journal.

Abstract (http://eurheartj.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/24/eurheartj.ehr228.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://eurheartj.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/24/eurheartj.ehr228.full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://eurheartj.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/24/eurheartj.ehr270.extract )

Lower Early Restenosis Rate With Drug-Eluting Balloons

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Drug-eluting balloons (DEBs) seem to be safe and effective for treating long infrapopliteal lesions, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Abstract (http://content.onlinejacc.org/cgi/content/abstract/58/11/1105 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://content.onlinejacc.org/cgi/reprint/58/11/1105 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://content.onlinejacc.org/cgi/content/full/58/11/1110 )

AAP Updates Infant/Young Child Febrile UTI Guidelines

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a technical report, "Diagnosis and Management of an Initial UTI in Febrile Infants and Young Children," detailing changes that include updated recommendations for imaging. The report was published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

Report (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/24/peds.2011-1332.full.pdf+html )

Composition of ICU Team Affects Professional Burnout

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The composition of caregiver teams in intensive care units (ICUs) affects the risk of professional burnout, with an increased proportion of female nurses associated with a decreased risk, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Abstract (http://ajrccm.atsjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/201101-0068OCv1 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://ajrccm.atsjournals.org/cgi/reprint/201101-0068OCv1 )

Cost-Effective Perinatal HBV Transmission Prevention ID'ed

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- In hepatitis B surface-antigen-positive pregnant women, administration of lamivudine or hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) in the third trimester is a cost-effective method for prevention of perinatal transmission of hepatitis B, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2011/09000/Cost_Effectiveness_of_Maternal_Treatment_to.23.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2fgreenjournal%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00006250-201109000-00023 )

Variable Survival Benefit of Radioembolization in HCC

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The survival benefit for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with radioembolization with yttrium-90-labeled resin microspheres is affected by numerous factors with the most significant, independent prognostic factors including Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status, international normalized ratio >1.2, tumor burden and extrahepatic disease, according to a study published online June 30 in Hepatology.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hep.24451/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hep.24451/full )

Rate of Maternal Weight Gain Impacts Size of Neonate

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Greater than recommended rates of weight gain during the second and third trimesters increase the odds of large-for-gestational-age babies regardless of prepregnancy maternal body mass index (BMI), and gaining at a lower than recommended rate increases the odds of small-for-gestational age babies for all except the most obese women, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2011/09000/Effect_of_Second_Trimester_and_Third_Trimester.11.aspx/ )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2011/09000/Effect_of_Second_Trimester_and_Third_Trimester.11.aspx/ )

Increasing BMI Ups Atonic Uterus Hemorrhage Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of postpartum atonic uterus hemorrhage increases with increasing maternal body mass index (BMI), but there is no correlation between obesity and postpartum hemorrhage with retained placenta, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2011/09000/Maternal_Obesity_and_Risk_of_Postpartum_Hemorrhage.10.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2011/09000/Maternal_Obesity_and_Risk_of_Postpartum_Hemorrhage.10.aspx )

Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Chronic Kidney Disease Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components are significantly associated with the development of estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) less than 60 ml/min/1.73 m², according to a meta-analysis published online Aug. 18 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract (http://cjasn.asnjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/18/CJN.02180311.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://cjasn.asnjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/18/CJN.02180311.full.pdf+html )

Four Categories of Eligibility for Contraceptive Use Endorsed

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians should assess the appropriateness of contraceptives for women with specific medical conditions or characteristics based on the four categories of medical eligibility defined by the 2010 U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (U.S. MEC), according to a Committee Opinion published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Report (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Citation/2011/09000/Committee_Opinion_No__505___Understanding_and.44.aspx )

AAP Recommends Quadrivalent MMRV for Most Children

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Use of measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccine (MMRV) is generally preferred over separate injections of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) and varicella vaccines, unless there is a personal or family history of seizures, or difficulty communicating the risks involved to parents or caregivers, according to a policy statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

Report (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/24/peds.2011-1968.full.pdf+html )

AAP, CPS Oppose Boxing for Children and Adolescents

TUESDAY, Aug. 230 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS) oppose boxing for children and adolescents, and recommend that physicians encourage participation in alternate sports that do not involve head blows, according to a policy statement by the AAP and the CPS, published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

Report (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/24/peds.2011-1165.full.pdf+html )

Child-Care Settings Opportunity to Prevent Childhood Obesity

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Child-care settings can offer numerous opportunities for healthy eating and physical activity to prevent childhood obesity, but few interventions have been designed to address these issues, according to a review published online Aug. 26 in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Full Text (http://adajournal.org/webfiles/images/journals/yjada/yjada_pc_111_9a.pdf )Editorial (http://adajournal.org/webfiles/images/journals/yjada/yjada_pc_111_9b.pdf )

Counseling Helps Smokers With Comorbid Disorders Quit

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Counseling by primary care providers (PCPs) is effective for encouraging smoking cessation for individuals with and without alcohol, drug, or mental (ADM) disorders, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Nicotine & Tobacco Research.

Abstract (http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/22/ntr.ntr167.short?rss=1/ )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/22/ntr.ntr167.full.pdf+html/ )

Aerobic Training Better Than Resistance Training for Obese

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- For sedentary, overweight and obese adults, aerobic training (AT) is more effective than resistance training (RT) at reducing visceral fat, total abdominal fat, liver fat, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, and fasting insulin resistance (HOMA), and there is no additional benefit of adding RT to AT, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in the American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Abstract (http://ajpendo.physiology.org/content/early/2011/08/10/ajpendo.00291.2011.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://ajpendo.physiology.org/content/early/2011/08/10/ajpendo.00291.2011.full.pdf+html/ )

ESC: Mortality Up With High Serum Cathepsin S in Elderly

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- High circulating serum cathepsin S levels are associated with an increased risk of mortality in the elderly, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, to coincide with its presentation at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2011, held Aug. 27 to 31, in Paris, France.

Full Text (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/early/2011/08/24/jama.2011.1246.full )More Information (http://www.escardio.org/congresses/esc-2011/Pages/welcome.aspx )

Lack of Slow Wave Sleep Ups Hypertension Risk in Older Men

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of slow wave sleep (SWS) is significantly associated with incident hypertension in men aged 65 years and older, even after adjusting for confounding variables, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in Hypertension.

Abstract (http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/28/HYPERTENSIONAHA.111.174409.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/28/HYPERTENSIONAHA.111.174409.full.pdf+html )

ESC: Addition of IABC to PCI Doesn't Reduce Infarct Size

TUESDAY, Aug. 30 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) without shock, use of intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) plus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) does not reduce the size of myocardial infarct more than PCI alone, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, to coincide with its presentation at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2011, held Aug. 27-31, in Paris, France.

Full Text (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/early/2011/08/24/jama.2011.1280.full )Editorial (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/early/2011/08/24/jama.2011.1288.full )More Information (http://www.escardio.org/congresses/esc-2011/Pages/welcome.aspx )

Public Sector Funds Large Part of State Obesity-Related Costs

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Between 22 and 55 percent of U.S. state-level obesity-related costs are financed by the public sector via Medicare and Medicaid, according to a study published online June 16 in Obesity.

Abstract (http://www.nature.com/oby/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/oby2011169a.html )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (hhttp://www.nature.com/oby/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/oby2011169a.html )

Apixaban Superior to Warfarin for Stroke Prevention in A-Fib

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Apixaban is superior to warfarin in lowering the risk of stroke or systemic embolism, and reduces the rate of major bleeding and mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in the New England Journal of Medicine to coincide with the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2011 held Aug. 27 to 31 in Paris, France.

Abstract (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1107039?query=featured_home )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1107039?query=featured_home#t=article )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMe1109748?query=featured_home )

Colchicine Safe, Effective Adjunct in Recurrent Pericarditis

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Colchicine appears to be safe and effective for the secondary prevention of recurrent pericarditis, according to a study published online first August 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract ( http://www.annals.org/content/early/2011/08/26/0003-4819-155-7-201110040-00359.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) ( http://www.annals.org/content/early/2011/08/26/0003-4819-155-7-201110040-00359.full )

Drug-Eluting Stents Better for Saphenous Vein Graft Lesions

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Drug-eluting stents are better than bare-metal stents for reducing the risk of adverse events for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for de-novo saphenous vein graft lesions, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in The Lancet, to coincide with the European Society of Cardiology Congress held Aug. 27 to 31 in Paris, France.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61255-5/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61255-5/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61340-8/fulltext )

Exclusive Breast-Feeding Doesn't Lower Eczema Risk

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- There is no evidence that exclusive breast-feeding for four or more months provides protection against childhood eczema, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10588.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10588.x/pdf )

Age, Income Tied to Youth Adherence to ADA Guidelines

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Overall adherence of youth to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) testing guidelines is good and is correlated with age and family income, with older age and lower income associated with non-adherence, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-3641.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-3641.full.pdf+html )

Loss of Jobs Means Loss of Health Coverage for Many in U.S.

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For American adults who lose their health insurance coverage when they lose their jobs, the majority remain uninsured, delay getting needed health care or prescriptions, and report financial difficulties paying medical bills, according to a report published online Aug. 24 by The Commonwealth Fund.

Report (http://www.commonwealthfund.org/~/media/Files/Publications/Issue%20Brief/2011/Aug/1540_Doty_when_unemployed_means_uninsured_COBRA_reform%20brief.pdf )

Self-Efficacy Tied to Achieving Physical Activity Goals in RA

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) having self-efficacy at baseline is tied to achieving physical activity goals, which has a direct effect on uality of life, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acr.20587/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acr.20587/pdf )

Intervention Boosts Parental Involvement in Infant Pain Care

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Parents who participate in an intervention to increase involvement in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) infant pain management take a more active role in infant pain care, and have increased role attainment after discharge, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2011-0272.abstract?related-urls=yes&legid=pediatrics;peds.2011-0272v1 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2011-0272.full.pdf+html )

Wide Gaps in Immune Responses Post Flu Infection

MONDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- The wide gap in the antiviral and inflammatory response seen in symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals exposed to influenza A infection is mediated by genomic signatures, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in PLoS Genetics.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pgen.1002234 )

Permissive Parenting Linked to Watching More TV/Day

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- More children with permissive mothers watch more than four hours TV per day, and children for whom both parents demonstrate high restriction are more likely to watch less than two hours per day, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-3664.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-3664.full.pdf+html )

Higher 90-Day Mortality in New Jersey Weekend Stroke Admits

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with stroke admitted to New Jersey hospitals on weekends have a significantly increased 90-day mortality compared to those admitted on weekdays, but stroke admissions to comprehensive stroke centers (CSCs) have similar 90-day mortality for weekend versus weekday admissions, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Stroke.

Abstract (http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/25/STROKEAHA.110.612317.abstract )Full Text (http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/25/STROKEAHA.110.612317.full.pdf+html )

IOM: Few Health Issues Caused By Vaccines

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Few health issues or illnesses appear to be associated with or caused by vaccines, according to a new report published online August 25 from the Institute of Medicine(IOM).

Full Text (http://iom.edu/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2011/Adverse-Effects-of-Vaccines-Evidence-and-Causality/Adverseeffectsofvaccinesreportbrief.pdf )

High Demand, But Minority of Ob-Gyns Provide Abortions

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, 97 percent of practicing obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) encounter patients seeking abortions, but only 14 percent perform abortions, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2011/09000/Abortion_Provision_Among_Practicing.16.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2fgreenjournal%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00006250-201109000-00016 )

Extended-Release Opioid Pain Medication Approved

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Nucynta ER (tapentadol extended release) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat moderate-to-severe chronic pain in adults, maker Janssen Pharmaceuticals said.

this drug (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a610006.html )

Evidence Shows Vitamin A Cuts Death, Illness in Children

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin A supplementation reduces mortality, morbidity, and vision problems in children aged 6 months to 5 years, according to a meta-analysis published online Aug. 25 in the BMJ.

Abstract (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d5094.abstract )Full Text (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d5094.full )

Expedited Partner Therapy Use Benefits Gonorrhea, Chlamydia

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Expedited partner therapy should be used in accordance with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) guidelines to prevent reinfection by treating partners of patients with gonorrhea and chlamydia who are unable or unwilling to seek medical care, according to a committee opinion published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Report (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Citation/2011/09000/Committee_Opinion_No__506___Expedited_Partner.45.aspx )

ACOG Guidelines Issued for Thromboembolism in Pregnancy

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women are at an increased risk of venous thromboembolism, which can be prevented, diagnosed, and managed according to clinical guidelines published in the September issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Report (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Citation/2011/09000/Practice_Bulletin_No__123___Thromboembolism_in.39.aspx )

Obesity Epidemic Increasing Worldwide

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity appears to be increasing worldwide, affecting countries in varying degrees and negatively impacting quality of life and increasing associated societal costs, however, a new weight loss model and national government intervention may help slow and reverse the epidemic, according to four studies published in an obesity series online August 25 in The Lancet.

Abstract-1 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60813-1/abstract )Full Text-1 (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60813-1/fulltext#article_upsell )Abstract-2 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60814-3/abstract )Full Text-2 (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60814-3/fulltext#article_upsell )Abstract-3 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60812-X/abstract )Full Text-3 (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60812-X/fulltext#article_upsell )Abstract-4 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60815-5/abstract )Full Text-4 (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60815-5/fulltext#article_upsell )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61356-1/fulltext )

Substantial Chemo Exposure Rates Among Oncology Nurses

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Oncology nurses practicing outside of hospital inpatient units report considerable rates of chemotherapy exposure to skin and eyes, which are lowered with adequate staffing and resources, and adherence to recognized practice standards, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in BMJ Quality & Safety.

Abstract (http://qualitysafety.bmj.com/content/early/2011/08/13/bmjqs-2011-000178.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://qualitysafety.bmj.com/content/early/2011/08/13/bmjqs-2011-000178.full )

Clinical, Lab Variables Predict Survival in Advanced CA

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- A combination of clinical and laboratory variables can effectively predict two-week and two-month survival in patients with advanced cancer who are no longer being treated, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in the BMJ.

Abstract (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d4920.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d4920.full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d5171.full )

At-Risk Youth ID'd in School-Based Mental Health Screening

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- School-based mental health screening effectively identifies youth at high risk for mental illness and connects them to school- or community-based services, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

Abstract (http://www.jaacap.com/article/S0890-8567(11)00446-1/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jaacap.com/article/S0890-8567(11)00446-1/fulltext )

Early Plasma Exchange Tied to Improved Course of HUS

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Early plasma exchange therapy is associated with increased median platelet count and glomerular filtration rate, decreased median lactate dehydrogenase concentration, and improved neurological status in adults with diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), according to a study published online Aug. 25 in The Lancet.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61145-8/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61145-8/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61217-8/fulltext )

Being Happily Married Ups Survival 15 Years Post Bypass

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Married individuals, particularly those in a highly satisfying marriage, are significantly more likely to be alive 15 years after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Health Psychology.

Abstract (http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.displayRecord&id=06549329-A934-5989-F8DA-FADB3372C166&resultID=1&page=1&dbTab=pa )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=buy.optionToBuy&id=2011-18545-001 )

Complementary Medicine Used More by Health Care Workers

FRIDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health care workers, especially health care providers, are more likely to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) than the general, employed U.S. population, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Health Services Research.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01304.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01304.x/pdf )

Pharmaceutical Ads Often Don't Adhere to U.S. FDA Guidelines

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Physician-targeting pharmaceutical advertisements have low rates of adherence to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines and provide inadequate information for safe prescribing, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in PLoS One.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0023336#s2 )

HPV Test Beats Cytology-Alone in Cervical Cancer Screening

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing for HPV16 and HPV18 strains may be an alternative and more efficient screening method for cervical cancer than liquid-based cytology alone; and bivalent HPV16 and 18 vaccine protects against anal HPV infection, according to two studies published online Aug. 22 in The Lancet Oncology.

Abstract Castle (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(11)70188-7/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(11)70188-7/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(11)70195-4/fulltext )Abstract Kreimer (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(11)70213-3/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(11)70213-3/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(11)70237-6/fulltext )

CDC: HPV Vaccine Rates Lag Behind Other Teen Vaccines

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Vaccination coverage in adolescents appears to be increasing, however, the increase in human papillomavirus (HPV) coverage among adolescent females has been lagging, according to a report in the August 26 issue of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6033a1.htm?s_cid=mm6033a1_w )

CDC: State Preemption Rates Unchanged in Tobacco Efforts

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- The number of U.S. states that preempt local advertising restrictions and youth access restrictions to tobacco products appears to have remained unchanged, according to a report in the August 26 issue of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6033a2.htm?s_cid=mm6033a2_w )

Firazyr Approved for Acute Hereditary Angioedema

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Firazyr (icatibant) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat acute attacks of hereditary angioedema (HAE) in adults.

U.S. Hereditary Angioedema Association (http://www.haea.org/ )

CDC: Reporting Delays Occurred in German E. coli Outbreak

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- During the outbreak of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and bloody diarrhea related to shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O104:H4 (STEC) in Germany during May and June 2011, there was a median delay of 20 days between symptom onset and reporting the cases, according to a study published in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's October Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/17/10/pdfs/11-1027.pdf )

Occipital Padding Maintains Neutral Spine Alignment

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- The placement of padding beneath the occiput after helmet removal may be used as an effective measure to maintain neutral cervical spine alignment in the event of helmet removal among football athletes, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in Spine.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/spinejournal/Abstract/publishahead/Maintaining_Neutral_Sagittal_Cervical_Alignment.98661.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2fspinejournal%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00007632-900000000-98661 )

Azithromycin Decreases COPD Exacerbation Frequency

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- In selected patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), daily azithromycin for one year together with usual treatment decreases the frequency of exacerbations but increases the frequency of hearing decrements, according to a study published Aug. 25 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1104623?query=featured_home )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMe1106979?query=featured_home )

CDC: Two Salmonella Outbreaks Investigated

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Two outbreaks of Salmonella infections, Salmonella Altona and Salmonella Johannesburg, have been linked to chicks and ducklings from a single mail-order hatchery, according to an update from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

More Information (http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/altona-baby-chicks/082311/index.html )

Botox Approved to Treat Urinary Incontinence

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Botox (onabotulinumtoxinA) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat urinary incontinence in people with neurological conditions such as spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis.

National Library of Medicine (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001270.htm )

Ambulatory BP Monitoring Cost-Effective Diagnostic Strategy

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Ambulatory monitoring of blood pressure is the most cost-effective strategy for the diagnosis of hypertension, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in The Lancet.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61184-7/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61184-7/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61299-3/fulltext )

Airway Infections Correlate With Narcolepsy Onset in China

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- In China, narcolepsy onset is significantly associated with seasonal and annual patterns of upper airway infections, including H1N1 influenza, and increased three-fold following the 2009 H1N1 winter influenza pandemic, independent of H1N1 vaccination in the majority of cases, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Annals of Neurology.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ana.22587/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ana.22587/full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ana.22590/full )

CT Enterography More Sensitive Than Capsule Endoscopy

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB), multiphase computed tomographic (CT) enterography is significantly more sensitive than capsule endoscopy for detecting small bowel bleeding sources and masses, according to a study published online June 3 in Radiology.

Abstract (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/early/2011/06/02/radiol.11110143.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/early/2011/06/02/radiol.11110143.full )

Clinical Features Differ for Men and Women With Heart Failure

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to men, women hospitalized for heart failure have different clinical characteristics and length of hospital stay, but similar clinical presentations, in-hospital mortality, and quality of care for most parameters, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in Circulation: Heart Failure.

Abstract (http://circheartfailure.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/23/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.110.960484.abstract?sid=c92e2f9d-e3dd-4350-89eb-ae8555692769 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://circheartfailure.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/23/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.110.960484.full.pdf+html )

Diastolic Dysfunction Ups Heart Failure Risk in Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction worsens over time and with advancing age, increasing the risk of subsequent heart failure, according to a study published in the Aug. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/856.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/856.full.pdf+html )

Prevalence of Mental Disorders Linked to Gender Differences

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence rates of mental illness are associated with gender differences, with women having higher rates of anxiety or depression and men having higher rates of substance abuse or antisocial disorders, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology.

Full Text (http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/abn-ofp-eaton.pdf )

High Serum Phosphate Tied To Renal Disease Progression

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Serum phosphate is an independent risk factor for progression of renal disease in patients with proteinuric chronic kidney disease (CKD) and may reduce the renoprotective effect of ACE inhibitors, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract (http://jasn.asnjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/18/ASN.2011020175.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jasn.asnjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/18/ASN.2011020175.full.pdf+html/ )

Six Factors Impact Survival in Elderly Asians With Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Six domains of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) including age, albumin level, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status, geriatric depression scale (GDS) status, malnutrition risk, and disease stage are important predictors of overall survival (OS) in elderly Asian patients with cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2011/08/22/JCO.2010.32.0796.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2011/08/22/JCO.2010.32.0796.full.pdf+html )

Dietary Portfolio Significantly Lowers LDL-C in Hyperlipidemia

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with hyperlipidemia using a specific dietary portfolio at different levels of intensity have greater reductions in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) during six months of follow-up than those receiving low-saturated fat dietary advice, according to a study published Aug. 24/31 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/831.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/831.full.pdf+html )

Hospitalization Ups Unintentional Discontinuation of Meds

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital or intensive care unit (ICU) admission is associated with unintentional discontinuation of medication for chronic diseases, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/840.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/840.full.pdf+html )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/878.short )

EMR Language Analysis Identifies Post-Op Complications

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Natural language process analysis of electronic medical records has higher sensitivity and lower specificity for identifying postoperative complications than patient safety indicators based on discharge coding for patients undergoing surgical procedures, according to a study published in the Aug. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/848.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/848.full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/8/880.short )

Drinkers, Smokers Less Likely to Adhere to Chemoprevention

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Women at high risk of breast cancer who drink alcohol each day are less likely to adhere fully to chemoprevention at one month, and cigarette smokers are less likely to adhere adequately at 36 months, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in Cancer Prevention Research.

Abstract (http://cancerpreventionresearch.aacrjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/18/1940-6207.CAPR-11-0172.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://cancerpreventionresearch.aacrjournals.org/content/early/2011/08/18/1940-6207.CAPR-11-0172.full.pdf+html )

Mammography Decline Linked to Fall in Hormone Therapy

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- The decrease in hormone therapy (HT) use seen in the United States is correlated with a decrease in mammography rates among U.S. women aged 50 to 64 years, but not in women 65 years or older, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Cancer.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.26218/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.26218/full )

Dual Hepatitis B, C Infection Ups Lifetime HCC Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- The individual and combined effects of HBV and HCV on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) vary according to age and gender, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2011/08/22/JCO.2011.36.2335.abstract?sid=1e6a0e44-daa4-4aba-aa17-a2f7be4f524e )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2011/08/22/JCO.2011.36.2335.full.pdf+html )

Walking School Bus Program Ups Active Commuting Time

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- A walking school bus program increases children's active commuting to school and daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-3486.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-3486.full.pdf+html )

Pulse Oximeter Recommended For Critical CHD Screening

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved motion-tolerant pulse oximeters should be used to screen critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in newborns, according to the recommendations in a report endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Cardiology Foundation, and the American Heart Association, and published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics in preprint format.

Full Text (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/site/misc/2011-1317.preprint.pdf )

U.S. Door-To-Balloon Time Shortens From 2005 to 2010

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- The door-to-balloon (D2B) time (from hospital arrival to mechanical reperfusion) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention in the United States improved between 2005 and 2010, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Circulation.

Abstract (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/21/CIRCULATIONAHA.111.044107.abstract?sid=b6b6e59f-6cae-45d3-a5dd-8c8165ea7e93 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/21/CIRCULATIONAHA.111.044107.full.pdf+html )

ADHD Tied to Risk of Written-Language Disorder in Children

TUESDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Children of both genders with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have an increased risk of written-language disorder (WLD), with girls having a significantly higher risk of WLD with reading disability (RD) than boys, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-2581.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/17/peds.2010-2581.full.pdf+html )

Mobile Phone-Based System Tied to Lower Glycated Hemoglobin

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- A mobile phone-based treatment/behavioral coaching program significantly improves glycated hemoglobin levels over 12 months in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 25 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2011/07/21/dc11-0366.abstract?sid=3538e543-7526-4abe-95af-b5655bc1cf2e )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2011/07/21/dc11-0366.full.pdf+html )

NSAID Intolerance Indicative of Intolerance to Etoricoxib

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with urticaria and/or angioedema with hypersensitivity reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may also be intolerant to etoricoxib, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in Allergy.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02684.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02684.x/full )

Methotrexate Lowers Response to Pneumococcal Vaccine

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or spondylarthropathy (SpA), treatment with methotrexate (MTX), but not with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers, reduces antibody response after vaccination with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/art.30580/abstract )Full Text(subscription or payment may be required (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/art.30580/pdf )

Similar Platelet Response With 50 or 100 mg Dose of Aspirin

MONDAY, Aug. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with coronary heart disease undergoing treatment with 50 or 100 mg aspirin for five years showed no difference in platelet response or cardiovascular (CV) events, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract (http://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(11)01595-5/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(11)01595-5/fulltext )

Half of Health Care Providers Recommend HPV Co-Test

FRIDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately half of health care providers recommend the combination of human papillomavirus (HPV) and Papanicolaou test (HPV co-test) for cervical cancer screening, but fewer than 15 percent follow the recommended guidelines of waiting three years for the next screening, according to a study published online June 13 in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract (http://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378(11)00729-0/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378(11)00729-0/fulltext )

CDC: Flu Vaccine Recommendations Unchanged

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination of all persons aged ≥6 months in the United States continues to be recommended for the 2011/2012 influenza season, as in previous influenza seasons, according to an Aug. 18 early-release report in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm60e0818a1.htm?s_cid=mm60e0818a1_w )

CDC: 2010/2011 Flu Vaccination Coverage Studied

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination coverage among health care personnel (HCP) and pregnant women in the 2010/2011 influenza season was similar to coverage for the 2009/2010 season, according to two reports in the Aug. 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text - Health Care Personnel (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6032a1.htm?s_cid=mm6032a1_w )Full Text - Pregnant Women (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6032a2.htm?s_cid=mm6032a2_w )

TV Viewing Reduces Life Expectancy in Australian Adults

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Television (TV) viewing time is correlated with a substantial reduction in life expectancy among Australian adults, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Abstract (http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/early/2011/08/01/bjsm.2011.085662.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/early/2011/08/01/bjsm.2011.085662.full )

Majority of DVT Cases After Surgery Linked to Catheter Use

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Following general surgical operations, the incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is low, but more than 60 percent of cases are catheter-induced, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Archives of Surgery.

Abstract (http://archsurg.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/archsurg.2011.204 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archsurg.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/archsurg.2011.204 )

Fructose-Rich Corn Syrup Intake Raises CVD Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Consuming high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) for two weeks at 25 percent of energy requirements (E) increases triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and apolipoprotein B (apoB) levels in young adults comparably to fructose but more than glucose, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Abstract (http://jcem.endojournals.org/content/early/2011/08/11/jc.2011-1251.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jcem.endojournals.org/content/early/2011/08/11/jc.2011-1251.full.pdf+html )

Bispectral Index Guided Anesthesia Not Superior

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Intraoperative anesthesia guided by a protocol incorporating the electroencephalogram derived bispectral index (BIS) is not superior to a protocol incorporating standard monitoring of end-tidal anesthetic-agent concentration (ETAC) for the prevention of intraoperative awareness, according to a study published in the Aug. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1100403 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMe1107203 )

New Study Links Smoking to Higher Bladder Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- The relative risk for bladder cancer from tobacco smoking is higher than reported in previous studies, with population attributable risks (PARs) for women comparable to those for men, according to a study published Aug. 17 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/7/737.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/7/737.full )

Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria Ups Youth ESRD Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults with persistent asymptomatic isolated microscopic hematuria have a significantly increased risk of treated end-stage renal disease (ESRD), although the incidence and absolute risk remain quite low for prolonged periods, according to a study published in the Aug. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/7/729.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/7/729.full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/7/764.short )

Bordetella Infections Rare in Children With Cough Illness

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Bordetella pertussis (B. pertussis) and Bordetella parapertussis (B. parapertussis) infections are rarely found in young patients with cough illness, as are concomitant virus/Bordetella infections, according to a study published in the August issue of the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/pidj/Abstract/2011/08000/Bordetella_pertussis_and_Concomitant_Viral.3.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2fpidj%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00006454-201108000-00003 )

Chinese Herbal Decoction Cuts Time to H1N1 Fever Resolution

TUESDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Chinese herbal decoction maxingshigan-yinqiaosan, alone or in combination with oseltamivir, is associated with a reduced time to fever resolution in patients with H1N1 influenza virus infection, according to a study published in the Aug. 16 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Sleep Apnea Recurs Within Days of CPAP Withdrawal

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), withdrawal of CPAP is associated with rapid recurrence of OSA and subjective sleepiness, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Quality Indicators Developed for Children With Sickle Cell

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- A set of 41 quality-of-care indicators, which can measure and improve care among children with sickle cell disease (SCD), has been developed by an expert panel, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Predictors of Survival After Cardiac Arrest in ICU Identified

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Independent predictors of survival following cardiac arrest which occurs in the intensive care unit (ICU) include the presenting rhythm, age, and duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), according to a study published online Aug. 15 in CMAJ, the Journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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UVR Exposure From Tanning Beds Ups Cerebral Blood Flow

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) during use of a tanning bed increases regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the dorsal striatum, anterior insula, and medial orbitofrontal cortex, according to a study published online April 11 in Addiction Biology.

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Sexually Abused Children at Risk of Genital HPV Infection

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Detection of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) is significantly more likely in sexually abused children than those without evidence of child sexual abuse (CSA), and increases with certainty of abuse, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Distance Caregivers Face Lack of Communication, Control

MONDAY, Aug. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Lack of communication and control are the major issues that distance caregivers of patients with advance cancer experience, according to a study published in the May issue of the Oncology Nursing Forum.

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Epidermal Electronic System Monitors Heart, Brain Activity

FRIDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- An ultrathin epidermal electronic system (EES), comparable to skin, can effectively monitor the electrical activity of heart, brain, and skeletal muscle when laminated onto the skin like a temporary transfer tattoo, according to a study published in the Aug. 12 issue of Science.

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CDC: Lower Socioeconomic Status Tied to Higher HIV Rate

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of HIV infections appears to be higher among individuals with lower socioeconomic status in urban areas with a high prevalence of AIDS, according to a report in the Aug. 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6031a1.htm?s_cid=mm6031a1_w )

Cognitive Function Tied to Markers of Cognitive Reserve

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive performance is correlated with markers of reserve; but the rate of cognitive decline is similar in all reserve groups, with a difference in cognitive decline seen only in the high occupation group, according to a study published in the August issue of the Annals of Neurology.

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Evidence Lacking That Aspirin Use in IVF Improves Birth Rate

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Aspirin use for women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) cannot be recommended due to lack of evidence indicating effectiveness in improving outcomes, according to a review published online Aug. 10 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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Heart Disease Risk Higher in Female Versus Male Smokers

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with nonsmokers, women who smoke have a significantly higher risk of coronary heart disease than do male smokers, independent of other cardiovascular risk factors, according to a review published online Aug. 11 in The Lancet.

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Typical Alzheimer Patterns Less Salient in Very-Old

THURSDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Certain cognitive and morphometric brain abnormalities associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) are less salient in very-old patients than in young-old patients, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Neurology.

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Race, Gender Discrepancies in Neurologist Care for Parkinson's

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Women and nonwhite patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) are less likely to receive neurologist care than white men, and patients receiving neurologist care may have improved selected clinical outcomes and a lower likelihood of death, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Neurology.

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Higher Diagnostic Blood Loss Tied to Higher Anemia Risk

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Increased blood loss from diagnostic phlebotomy increases the risk for moderate to severe hospital-acquired anemia (HAA) among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Lower Mortality for Older Blacks Receiving Dialysis

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Blacks older than 50 years who are undergoing dialysis have lower mortality compared to whites, as opposed to younger blacks who have an increased risk of death, according to a study published in the Aug. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Sleep-Disordered Breathing Tied to Dementia in Older Women

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Older women with sleep-disordered breathing have an increased risk of cognitive impairment and dementia, according to a study published in the Aug. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/6/613.short )Full Text (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/6/613.full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/6/654.extract )

Delayed Care for Rheumatoid Arthritis in Europe Studied

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- European patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) experience an average delay of 24 weeks from the time of symptom onset to the assessment by a rheumatologist, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

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Knowledge, Beliefs Affect Judgment of Hand Hygiene Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Individual differences in knowledge levels and beliefs among health care workers (HCWs) affect their risk perception regarding pathogen transfer, with touching patient skin believed to be riskier than touching objects, according to a study published in the August issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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Familial Factors Predict VTE in Unaffected Siblings

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Familial risk factors are significant predictors of venous thromboembolism (VTE) among unaffected siblings between the ages of 10 to 69 years, and although the absolute risk increases with age, the relative contribution of familial factors decreases with age, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in Circulation.

Abstract (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/08/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.965020.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/08/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.965020.full.pdf+html )

Obstructive CAD Detection Rates Vary Between Hospitals

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Significant interhospital variation exists in the rate of detection of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients undergoing elective coronary angiography, according to a study published in the Aug. 16 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Training Improves Oncologists' Communication Skills

TUESDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Oncologists who participated in COM-ON-p (concise and individualized communication skills training [CST]), have significantly improved communication skills during consultations with patients with cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2011/08/08/JCO.2010.31.6372.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2011/08/08/JCO.2010.31.6372.full.pdf+html )

AHRQ: CPAP Highly Effective in Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines and mandibular advancement devices (MADs) are very effective in treating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but evidence supporting weight loss or surgery is not as strong, according to a report published Aug. 8 by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

More Information (http://www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/index.cfm/search-for-guides-reviews-and-reports/?pageaction=displayproduct&productid=731 )

More Neurology Residents Comfortable Using tPA for Stroke

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- The number of graduating U.S. neurology residents with experience, and who report feeling comfortable, treating acute ischemic stroke patients with tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) increased from 2000 to 2010, with more residents having exposure to stroke teams and formal training in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in Stroke.

Abstract (http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/04/STROKEAHA.111.621839.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/04/STROKEAHA.111.621839.full.pdf+html )

Physical Activity Ups Satisfaction With Body Image, Function

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Predictors of improvement in satisfaction with body function and appearance in mid-life and older adults include greater physical activity, greater reductions in body mass index (BMI) and depressive symptoms, and being white, according to a study published in the June issue of the Annals of Behavioral Medicine.

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Certain Suicidal Behaviors Differ for Early, Late Teens

MONDAY, Aug. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Suicidal behavior among early and late adolescents prescribed antidepressants differs in terms of the methods used, history of abuse, and psychotic disorders, although for both groups the most frequent method is medication ingestion, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/04/peds.2010-3262.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/08/04/peds.2010-3262.full.pdf+html )

Lifetime Eating Disorders Tied to Fertility Problems in Women

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Lifetime eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, in women are associated with fertility problems, unplanned pregnancies, and negative attitudes toward pregnancy, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03077.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03077.x/full )

Cost of Interacting With Payers Higher in U.S. Than Canada

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Physician practices in the United States spend considerably more on interactions with health plans than Canadian practices, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract (http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/early/2011/08/03/hlthaff.2010.0893.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/early/2011/08/03/hlthaff.2010.0893.full )

Antidepressant Prescriptions for Non-Psych Disorders Up

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) --The number of antidepressants prescribed by non-psychiatrist physicians to patients without a psychiatric disorder continues to rise, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Pulse Oximetry Able to Detect Congenital Heart Defects

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Pulse oximetry is a reasonably accurate screening test for detecting congenital heart defects in newborns, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in The Lancet.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60753-8/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60753-8/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61032-5/fulltext )

Child's Temperament Impacts Susceptibility to Parenting

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- A child's temperament impacts the effects of negative parenting, with more symptoms reported for children who are low in effortful control, according to a study published online July 30 in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.

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Nurse Case Managers Improve Cardiac Risk Control in Diabetes

FRIDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Nurse case managers can improve the percentage of patients with diabetes who achieve control of hypertension, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia, according to a study published in the August issue of Diabetes Care.

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CDC: Age Range Expanded for Meningococcal Vaccine

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- MenACWY-CRM (Menveo, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics), a quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine, appears to be safe and effective for use with the recently extended age indication, and is interchangeable with the other licensed meningococcal conjugate vaccine, MenACWY-D (Menactra, Sanofi Pasteur), according to a report in the Aug. 5 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6030a3.htm?s_cid=mm6030a3_w )

Pre- or Intradialytic Low BP Tied to Vascular Thrombosis

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- In patients on hemodialysis, frequent episodes of intradialytic hypotension and lower predialysis systolic blood pressure (BP) are associated with increased rates of vascular access thrombosis, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Teens Who Misuse Controlled Meds More Likely to Abuse Drugs

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Among adolescents who take at least one prescribed controlled medication, 22 percent report misuse, and misusers are significantly more likely to have a positive screening result for drug abuse, according to a study published in the August issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Text Messages Aid Pediatric Malaria Management in Kenya

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Text message reminders are associated with substantial improvements in health workers' adherence to national guidelines for the management of outpatient pediatric malaria in Kenya, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in The Lancet.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60783-6/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60783-6/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)61089-1/fulltext )

Gastric Bypass Tied to Reduced Fat Intake in Humans, Rats

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Gastric bypass is associated with reduced intake of and preference for fat in rats, and reduced intake of dietary fat for humans, according to an experimental study published online in July 6 in the American Journal of Physiology.

Abstract (http://ajpregu.physiology.org/content/early/2011/06/30/ajpregu.00139.2011.reprint )Full Text (http://ajpregu.physiology.org/content/early/2011/06/30/ajpregu.00139.2011.full.pdf+html )

Longevity Has No Link to a Distinct Lifestyle

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with exceptional longevity are not distinct from the general population in terms of lifestyle factors, including body mass index, smoking, physical activity, or low-calorie diet, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03498.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03498.x/full )

Lower Post MI Physical Activity in Areas With Low Income

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Low neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) is a significant predictor of lower uptake of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) by survivors of myocardial infarction (MI), even after adjusting for individual SES and clinical profile, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Full Text (http://www.ajpmonline.org/webfiles/images/journals/amepre/AMEPRE%203134%20stamped.pdf )

CDC: HIV Infections Stabilized Between 2006 and 2009

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The annual number of new HIV infections in the United States was relatively stable between 2006 and 2009; however, infections increased among young men who have sex with men (MSM), especially black MSM, according to a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention national HIV incidence surveillance assessment published online Aug. 3 in PLoS One.

CDC Press Release (http://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/newsroom/HIVIncidencePressRelease.html?source=govdelivery )PLoS One Full Text (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0017502 )

FDA: High-Dose Fluconazole Tied to Birth Defects

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has notified health care professionals and patients that treatment with chronic, high doses (400 to 800 mg/day) of fluconazole (Diflucan) during the first trimester of pregnancy may be associated with a rare and distinct set of birth defects in infants.

More Information (http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch/SafetyInformation/SafetyAlertsforHumanMedicalProducts/ucm266468.htm )

Specific Criteria Beat DSM-IV in ID of Bipolar in Major Depression

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- In patients being treated for a major depressive episode (MDE), use of bipolarity-specifier criteria is a valid method of identifying bipolar disorders and identifies more cases than using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria, according to a study published in the August issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Teen Masturbation Frequency, Prevalence Differs by Gender

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence and frequency of masturbation differs between males and females throughout adolescence but is associated in both with several partnered sexual behaviors, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract (http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/archpediatrics.2011.142 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/archpediatrics.2011.142 )

High Risk of Adverse Outcomes Tied to SSRI Use in Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- In older individuals with depression, use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and certain other antidepressants is associated with higher risk of adverse outcomes than tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), according to a study published online Aug. 2 in BMJ.

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Oseltamivir-Resistant Pandemic H1N1 2009 Virus Emerging

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians should be aware of an emergence of oseltamivir-resistant pandemic H1N1 2009 virus, particularly in immunocompromised patients, according to a study published online July 29 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/17/10/pdfs/11-0117.pdf )

High Doses of Zinc Found to Reduce Common Cold Duration

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- In individuals with natural common cold infections, use of lozenges containing a daily zinc dose of over 75 mg significantly reduces cold symptoms, but use of a daily total of less than 75 mg shows no effect, according to a meta-analysis published online June 23 in the Open Respiratory Medicine Journal.

Full Text (http://www.benthamscience.com/open/tormj/articles/V005/51TORMJ.pdf )

Gender-Based Violence Tied to Women's Mental Health Disorders

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Gender-based violence (GBV) is significantly associated with mental health disorder, dysfunction, and disability in a representative sample of Australian women, according to a study published in the Aug. 3 violence/human-rights themed-issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/5/513.short )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/5/513.full )

Risperidone Not Effective for Military-Related PTSD

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- The second-generation antipsychotic risperidone is not an effective treatment for veterans with chronic military-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) not responding to serotonin reuptake-inhibitors (SRIs) treatment, according to a study published in the Aug. 3 violence/human rights-themed issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/5/493.short )Full Text (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/5/493.full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/5/549.short )

CDC: Many Hospitals Do Not Fully Support Breastfeeding

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Only 4 percent of U.S. hospitals provide the complete range of support for mothers to learn, practice, and engage in breastfeeding, according to a Vital Signs report published in the Aug. 2 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm60e0802a1.htm?s_cid=mm60e0802a1_w )

Even Small Amount of Exercise Lowers Heart Disease Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- A dose-response relationship is seen between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, with significant reductions seen with less than or equivalent to 150 minutes/week of moderate-intensity LTPA and additional risk reductions for those engaging in activity equivalent to 300 minutes/week, according to a meta-analysis published online Aug. 1 in Circulation.

Abstract (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/01/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.010710.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2011/08/01/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.010710.full.pdf+html )

Syphilis Up in Black, Hispanic Men Having Sex With Men

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of primary and secondary syphilis in 27 U.S. states have increased more among black and Hispanic men who have sex with men (MSM) (compared to white MSM), and also among young MSM, according to a study published in the Aug. 2 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract (http://www.annals.org/content/155/3/145.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.annals.org/content/155/3/145.full )

Causes of Failure to Prevent Retained Surgical Sponges ID'd

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Failure to prevent retained sponges after surgical procedures occurs at different points in the perioperative process and may be due to a wide range of causes, including distraction, multitasking, not following procedure, and time pressure, according to a study published in the August issue of the AORN Journal.

Abstract (http://www.aornjournal.org/article/S0001-2092(11)00615-6/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.aornjournal.org/article/S0001-2092(11)00615-6/fulltext )

New Guidelines Issued for COPD Diagnosis, Management

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians should use spirometry for screening or diagnosis, and inhaled therapies, pulmonary rehabilitation programs, and supplemental oxygen therapy to improve management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), according to the joint practice guidelines of the American College of Physicians (ACP), the American College of Chest Physicians, the American Thoracic Society, and the European Respiratory Society, published in the Aug. 2 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract (http://www.annals.org/content/155/3/179.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.annals.org/content/155/3/179.full )

Endoscopic Instrumentation Linked to Insulation Failures

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Robotic and laparoscopic endoscopic instrumentations -- particularly robotic -- are associated with high incidence and prevalence of insulation failure (IF) after 10 procedures, according to a study published in the August issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract (http://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378(11)00443-1/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378(11)00443-1/fulltext )

Lower Risk of Repeat Vascular Events in Young Adults on Statins

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults treated with a statin for an ischemic stroke of unknown etiology are at lower risk for subsequent vascular events than were those who are untreated, according to a study published in the Aug. 2 issue of Neurology.

Abstract (http://www.neurology.org/content/77/5/426.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.neurology.org/content/77/5/426.full )

Infection Incidence After Spinal Tumor Surgery ~10 Percent

TUESDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs) following spinal tumor surgery ranges from 8.89 to 13.7 percent, and the risk is associated with perioperative factors, including previous spinal surgeries, increased number of comorbidities, previous hospital-acquired infection, and increased hospital stay, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of Spine.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/spinejournal/Abstract/2011/08010/Postoperative_Surgical_Site_Infections_in_Patients.13.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2fspinejournal%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00007632-201108010-00013 )

DHA Intake in Pregnancy Tied to Fewer Colds in Infants

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation during pregnancy is associated with reduced occurrence of cold symptoms in infants at 1 month, and influences the duration of certain illness symptoms at 1, 3, and 6 months, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/07/28/peds.2010-1386.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/07/28/peds.2010-1386.full.pdf+html )

Knee Arthroplasty Unaffected by Patellar Resurfacing

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Neither patellar resurfacing nor the design of the prosthetic affects the clinical outcome of total knee arthroplasty, according to a study published in the July 20 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Abstract (http://www.jbjs.org/article.aspx?articleid=35711 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (https://store.jbjs.org/StoreOrderInfo.aspx )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jbjs.org/article.aspx?articleid=35725 )

Infrastructure Tied to Most U.K. Obesity-Related Safety Events

MONDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of obesity-associated safety incidents reported to the United Kingdom's National Patient Safety Agency (NPSA) are related to infrastructure, and are classified as low or no harm, according to a study published online July 25 in the Postgraduate Medical Journal.

Abstract (http://pmj.bmj.com/content/early/2011/06/30/pgmj.2010.106989.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pmj.bmj.com/content/early/2011/06/30/pgmj.2010.106989.full )