Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and Angina
- Physical inactivity
- Smoking , which damages both blood vessels and lungs
- A diet high in saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, and/or calories—A study found that women who regularly drink beverages with sugar may be at an increased risk of developing CAD.
- Excessive consumption of alcohol , which can lead to high blood pressure and high triglyceride levels
Certain Blood Test Results
- Homocysteine—High levels may mean an increased risk of CAD.
- C-reactive protein—High levels may mean an increased risk of CAD.
Race and Ethnic Factors
Coronary artery disease. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Cad/CAD%5FWhatIs.html . Updated February 2009. Accessed June 18, 2009.
Coronary artery disease (CAD). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated March 2010. Accessed April 9, 2010.
Coronary artery disease major risk factors. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated April 2010. Accessed April 9, 2010.
Depression is a risk factor for coronary artery disease in men. Archives of Internal Medicine. 1998;158.
The Homocysteine Studies Collaboration. Homocysteine and risk of ischemic heart disease and stroke: a meta-analysis. JAMA. 2002;288:2015-2022.
Libby P, Braunwald E. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders; 2007.
Mosca L. C-reactive protein—to screen or not to screen. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:1615-1617.
Ridker PM, Rifai N, Rose L, Buring JE, Cook NR. Comparison of C-reactive protein and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in the prediction of first cardiovascular events. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:1557-1565.
Risk factors and coronary heart disease. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4726 . Accessed November 2003.
Wilson P. Homocysteine and coronary heart disease. How great is the hazard? JAMA. 2002;288:2042-2043.
7/6/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Fung TT, Malik V, Rexrode KM, Manson JE, Willett WC, Hu FB. Sweetened beverage consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89:1037-1042.
7/6/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Kodama S, Saito K, Tanaka S, et al. Cardiorespiratory fitness as a quantitative predictor of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in healthy men and women: a meta-analysis. JAMA. 2009;301:2024-2035.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 09/2012 -
- Update Date: 00/91/2012 -